- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
Our experience of time as the succession of past, present, and future manifests itself, at least in Indo-European languages, as “verbal tense.” The privileged association of tense with the verbal domain has largely shaped our views about the philosophy of time, as well as the formal accounts of linguistic tense. Conventionally, sentential environments allow the dimension of time, which is typically dealt with by the use of morphological tense and aspect; in nominal environments, determiners deal with (spatial) location and identification. This article explores both what is now known about nominal tense, and what is controversial and unresolved. It first investigates the nominal tense system of Somali (East Cushitic) and then shows that tense (whether verbal or nominal) does not identify different relationships between linguistic expressions and time, but the same relationships to time applying to expressions of different grammatical type. The article also discusses modality and evidentiality.
Jacqueline Lecarme received her Ph.D. at the University of Montreal in 1978. She is Director of Research at the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Center for Scientific Research) and a member of the Laboratoire de Linguistique Formelle (Université Paris-Diderot). With J. Guéron, she edited Time and modality (2008) and The syntax of time (2004). Among her works on nominal tense are Tense in nominals (2008), Nominal tense and evidentiality (2004), Nominal tense and tense theory (1999), and Tense in the nominal system: The Somali DP (1996).
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