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date: 20 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Matters connected with time are pervasive in language, and they are inextricably linked to the knowledge representation that each language offers. Hence, it is hardly possible to discuss translation (and particular examples of translation) without involving, explicitly or implicitly, issues of temporal modeling and tense translation. After some basic considerations on translation and translation studies, and a brief excursion into the closely related area of contrastive studies, this article discusses the translation network. This is a model for formalizing tense and aspect differences across languages, and for making explicit their impact on translation, which is offered here as a tool for developing further insight into both translation and tense and aspect. The article also presents a selection of further themes related to the translation of tense, with special emphasis on machine translation and corpus-based studies. Finally, it examines translation equivalence and untranslatability, the translation of tense and aspect between English and Portuguese, universals of translated text, metaphor, genre, and near-synonyms.

Keywords: translation, tense, aspect, translation network, machine translation, universals, metaphor, genre, near-synonyms, translation equivalence

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