Abstract and Keywords
This article surveys the partisan changes in state legislative representation in the South, with a specific focus on the structural contribution of racial and partisan gerrymandering in the rising fortunes of Republican state legislative candidates and parties. The article begins by chronicling the history of redistricting case law, particularly as it pertains to state-level gerrymandering. It then examines the partisan changes in control of southern state legislatures since 1960, with a special focus on the critical period following the transformative 1990 round of redistricting and the 2000 round that followed. It concludes with a discussion of the significance of partisan and racial redistricting to the gains Republicans have made in southern state legislatures.
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