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date: 18 November 2018

Abstract and Keywords

Cognitive control is a strategic, regulatory ability guiding and organizing thoughts and actions that lead to goal-directed behavior. As such, it is a critical aspect of cognitive development and fundamental to higher order processing. In this review, we focus on the developmental periods of infancy through childhood to examine the early foundations of cognitive control. We adopt a dual-process theory of executive function, highlighting working memory and inhibitory control, as we discuss individual differences in behavioral and physiological mechanisms contributing to the development of cognitive control. We conclude with a discussion of the educational implications related to differences in this ability as well as suggestions for future research.

Keywords: cognitive control, early development, working memory, inhibitory control, frontal lobe

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