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date: 13 November 2018

Abstract and Keywords

Theory and research have long supported the premise that the way a person thinks powerfully shapes what that person feels. Following, changing what a person is thinking alters his or her emotional responses, even if the situation itself remains objectively unchanged. This idea has played an important role in the development of the field of emotion regulation, which has considered how moment-by-moment changes in thinking influence the unfolding emotional response. In this chapter, we extend prior work by considering the possibility that longer-term cognitive changes or changes in beliefs can lead to changes in emotion, and that belief change may partly serve emotion regulation motives. The empirically supported framework we present may help to stimulate new theory and research on the bidirectional relations between emotion and belief, with further implications for understanding why people believe what they do and how to treat emotional disturbances that contribute to psychological disorders.

Keywords: belief, emotion, belief change, emotion change, affect

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