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date: 26 March 2019

(p. 513) Index

(p. 513) Index

abortion, 481–88
Augustine on, 485–86
Christian apologists on, 485
Church Fathers on, 485
contemporary evangelical witness, 486–87
early Jewish and Christian witnesses on, 484
human life value, 482
imago Dei, 482–83
recent developments, 487–88
Reformers on, 486
Abraham, William, 13, 17, 215
actu secundo, 140
affections, 70
affective understanding of faith, 70
African Initiated Churches (AIC), 23
Alston, William, 62
altar call, 319
Ambrose, 86, 483
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 30
Ames, William, 79 n 17
Amida Buddha, 363
Amos, 403, 407
Anabaptist ethics, 151, 283
Anderson, Allan, 250
Anderson, Ray, 506
Anglican Church Missionary Society, 30
Anglo-American Reformed theology, 473
anomia, 134
Anselm, 120, 224, 226
Antipas, Herod, 404
antirealism, 64
anti-Semitism, 178
antisupersessionism, 178–79
apokatastasis, 271
Apostles' Creed, 108
Aquinas, Thomas, 60, 71, 102, 108, 139, 201, 393, 472, 503
Archer, Kenneth, 253
Aristotle, 137, 502
Arius, 99
armed conflict, 383
Arminians, 138, 139
Arminian theology, 27, 70, 78 n 10
Arndt, Johann, 24
Arthur, William, 347
arts, 418–32
and evangelical future, 428–31
evangelical resurgence, 425–28
fundamentalism, 424–25
inwardness path, 421–24
Manichean impulse, 424–25
modernism, 424–25
Reformation, 419–21
ascension, 155–57
Athanasian Creed, 273 n 31
Athanasius, 99, 105, 199–200, 503
Athenagoras, 483
atonement, 12, 222–25
future directions, 231–33
issues, 228–31
theories of, 225–28
Auden, W. H., 421, 426
Audi, Robert, 58–59
Augustine, 15, 60, 86, 100, 101, 108, 136, 138, 200–201, 226, 280, 282, 342, 393, 393–95, 468–69, 483, 486, 502, 503
Trinitarianism, 99–100
Aulén, Gustaf, 225, 227
AuSable center, 126
autonomous indigenous churches, 289
Ayres, Lewis, 101
Bacon, Francis, 420
Baker, Sharon, 230
Bakhtin, Mikhail, 430
Baldwin, James, 427
Balthasar, Hans Urs von, 212, 428, 429, 430
baptism, 164–65, 167, 210, 216–17, 218, 315, 319
Baptist evangelicals, 88
Baptist Missionary Society, 30
Barnes, M. R., 100, 101
Barrera, Albino, 410
Barth, Karl, 4, 5, 8, 39, 92, 102, 106, 116, 133, 139, 178, 212, 225, 230–31, 232, 351, 356, 373, 392, 395, 428, 429, 430
Barton, John, 376
Basil of Caesarea, 481, 483
Bassham, Rodger, 343
Bauckham, Richard, 270
Bavinck, Herman, 130
Bebbington, David, 5, 21–22, 69, 204, 248, 286, 482
Bebbington Quadrilateral, 77, 77 n 4
Beckwith, Francis, 92
(p. 514) Begbie, Calvin, 127
Begbie, Jeremy, 122, 430, 507
Behe, Michael, 445
belief in God, 9, 62–63
believing criticism, 41
Belleville, Linda, 505
Benedict, Ruth, 467
Benedict VIII (Pope), 102
Benignus of Dijon, 483
Berkouwer, Gerrit Cornelis, 133, 135, 136, 139
Bernard of Clairvaux, 229
Berry, Wendell, 123
Betanzo, Fray Domingo de, 470
Bible, 4, 8, 14–15, 26, 35–36, 43, 89, 195–97 (see also Scripture)
authority of, 37–38
contextualization of, 43
infallibility/inerrancy, 45–46
inspiration, 44–45
interpretation of, 38, 84, 85, 111, 372, 373
interpretation/illumination, 46–47
nature of, 36–37
and theological method, 9–10
Bible and ethics
authority of, 371–72
and canon
absolutes and progressive revelation, tension between, 383–84
across testaments, 384
multiple perspective, 383
moral life, 372–74
New Testament ethics, 378–79
biblical Jesus and theological matrix, 381–82
biblical theological focus, 382
imitation of Jesus, 379–80
Jesus-centered character ethics, 380–81
Old Testament ethics
context, interaction with, 375–76
framework for, 377–78
social and textual reconstruction, 374–75
virtue ethics, 376–77
biblical studies, 211
and systematic theology, institutional divide between, 42
Biblicism, 35
Blackmore sisters, 502
black Protestants, 22
Blaising, Craig, 4
Blanchard, Charles, 425
Blauw, Johannes, 344
Blocher, Henri, 11
Bloesch, Donald G., 12
Boas, Franz, 467
Bock, Darrell, 4, 14
bodhisattvas, 363
Boersma, Hans, 148
Boff, Leonardo, 348
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich, 212, 373, 395, 430
Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo, 468
Bosch, David, 342
Braaten, Carl, 3
Bray, Gerald, 106
Bromiley, Geoffrey, 129
Brooks, Phillips, 240
Brooten, Bernadette, 459
Brown, Antoinette, 502
Brown, John Mellor, 438
Brunner, Emil, 116, 141, 344
Bucer, Martin, 90
Buckland, William, 438
Buddhism, 357, 362–64
Bürkle, Horst, 343
Burridge, 379–80
Butler, Josephine, 502
Cahill, Lisa, 373
Callistus, 483
Calvin, John, 57, 63, 86, 90, 107, 108, 134, 136, 223, 255, 283, 332, 393, 419, 435, 472, 486
Calvinists, 26, 27, 230, 396
Campbell, Ted, 197
canon
absolutes and progressive revelation, tension between, 383–84
across testaments, 384
multiple perspective, 383
capital sins, 138
Capon, Robert Farrar, 123
Cappadocians, 101, 103, 160
Care Net, 487–88
Carey, William, 30
Carroll, Daniel, 14
Cassian, John, 226
Catholicism, 3, 14, 18, 291, 346–47
Catholicity, 46
Catholics, 250
cessationism, 170
Chalcedonian Definition, 197
Chalmers, Thomas, 438
Chan, Simon, 13
Chaplin, Jonathan, 396
charismata, 327, 332–33, 334, 335
charismatic movement, 238, 347
charismatics, 170, 218, 250
Charles I, 26
Chesterton, G. K., 118
Cho, David Yongi, 19
chrismation, 218
Christ. See Jesus Christ
Christendom, 393
Christian Gospel is good news for the whole creation, 126–27
Christian missiology, 315
Christian Pluralism, 396
Christology, 104, 147, 184, 343
Chrysostom, John, 200
(p. 515) Chung, Sung Wook, 14
church, 279–94
discrete ecclesial bodies, origins of, 280–81
ecclesiological difficulties, 291–92
ecumenism, 296–308
evangelical congregationalism, 284–87
evangelical ecclesiological atomism
baptism, 288
eschatology and pre-millennialism, 290–91
evangelism support, 289–90
internal assent and confession, 288
Lord's Supper as faith-reminding, 288–89
scripture-based, 288
scripture-oriented, 287
protestant ecclesiology, character of, 282–84
theology of, 13–14
visible church, 252, 280–81, 286, 290, 297, 303
Cicero, M.T., 394, 484
Claar, Victor V., 410
Clapham sect, 348
Clement of Alexandria, 458, 365
Clifford, W. K., 54
Cobb, John, Jr., 228
Coherentists, 54
Collier, Paul, 409, 410
Commission on Church Unity, 296
committed relationships, 457–59
conative will, 58
confession, 109
Conger, Yves, 212
congregationalism, 284–87
conquistadores, 470
conscience, 131
contemporary life, theological approaches to, 14–17
Context Group, 404
converses, 470
conversion, 6, 12, 318–20
baptism, 216–17
to Christ and Christ's kingdom, 214–15
church mediation, 215–16
complex experience, 213
gift of the Spirit, 217–18
mission, 219
priority of God, 214
Spirit's work, 216
and transformation, 218–19
understanding of, 209–13
Copernicus, Nicholas, 435, 437
coram Deo, 136
corpus permixtum, 281, 282, 291
corruption, 135
Costas, Orlando E., 354 n 35
Council of Constantinople, 99, 160
Council of Lyons, 102
Council of Nicaea, 99
Council of Toledo, 102
Council of Trent, 87–88, 91
covenant, 44–45, 179–80, 186, 188, 191
Cox, Harvey, 250
creation, 10, 116–28
contingency, 119–21
genuine freedom, 121–22
as a gift, 119
and human beings, 122–23
original “amazing grace,” 118
original event and continuing process, 118–19
out of love, 117–18
“creation care” programs, 126–27
Crisp, Oliver, 9–10
“critical realism,” 120
Crosby, Sarah, 501
cross, 106, 147, 227
cross-pollination from other Christian traditions, 211–12
crucifixion, 152–55
image of Sacrifice, 152–54
image of Victor, 154–55
cultivation of the virtues, 372
culture, 6, 336–37
engagement with, 7
Cumming, John, 423
Cupitt, Don, 64
Cyril, 105
Danaher, William, 108
Dante Alighieri, 419
Darwin, Charles, 424
Darwinism, 439–41, 445, 446, 473
Davidson, Margaret, 501
Davies, Alan T., 465
Davies, Samuel, 27
Dawkins, Richard, 440, 446
death, 106, 269–70
Deep Church movement, 93
Dembski, William, 445
Dennett, Daniel, 440, 446
deontology, 372
De Régnon, Theodore, 100, 101
Descartes, Rene, 54, 59
determinisms, 137
Dickinson, Emily, 419
Didache, 484
disabled, 488–92
“disciple-making,” 210
discipleship, 236–46, 382
experience of God, 237–39
correct beliefs, 237
New Testament, 241–44
transformation through, 244–45
disposition, 138
(p. 516) doctrine
of the Christ, 314
of the church, 315
of God, 313–14
of the Holy Spirit, 314–15
of humanity, 314
of revelation, 314
of salvation, 314
Dostoevsky, Fyodor, 430
Draper, John William, 446
Dreiser, Theodore, 425
Dryden, John, 84
dual-source theory of tradition, 87–88
Du Bay, Michel, 138
Duff, Alexander, 342
Dunn, James D. G., 147, 165
Dupré, Louis, 93
Dyer, Mary, 501
Easterly, William, 409
ecclesial ambivalence, 13
ecclesiological atomism, 13
baptism, 288
eschatology and pre-millennialism, 290–91
evangelism support, 289–90
internal assent and confession, 288
Lord's Supper as faith-reminding, 288–89
scripture-based, 288
scripture-oriented, 287
ecclesiology, 13, 16, 344–45, 396–97
Eckhart, Meister, 226
economics, 402–17
greed and materialism, 413–14
Israel economy and scripture, 403–5
market economies, 405–7
modern economics, 407–8
poor in rich countries, 410–13
preferential option for poor, 408–10
ecumenism, 296–308
Edwards, Jonathan, 3, 27, 58, 69, 70, 108, 203, 239, 342, 393, 435
Eiesland, Nancy, 491
Eliot, George, 419, 423
Elliott, M. A., 179
Emerson, M. O., 477
empirical theology, 228
encomendero, 470
encomienda, 470
Enlightenment, 9, 471
Epistle of Barnabas, 484
Erickson, Erik, 211
eschatology, 13, 315, 343–44
final destinations, 268–71
and immanence and optimism, 264–66
and revelation and imagination, 263–64
in scheme of things, 262–63
transcendent, and Christian activism, 266–68
Escobar, Samuel, 350, 488
ethos of Christian faith, 7
euangelistes (evangelist), 5
Eucharist, 200
Eunomius, 99
evangelical, definition, 19–23
eighteenth-century Britain and America, 28
European background, 23–25
evangelical “fundamental convictions,” 5
Evangelical Alliance, 9, 29
evangelical ambivalence, 15
Evangelical Awakening, 166, 348
evangelical catholic movement, 252
evangelical congregationalism, 284–87
evangelicalism, definition, 5
Evangelical Theological Society, 110
evangelical theology, definition, 5–7
evangelical tradition, 348–49
Evidentialists, 54
evil, 135
evolution
contemporary evangelical approaches to, 442–45
Darwinism, 439–41, 445, 446, 473
debate over, 439–41
Benjamin B. Warfield on, 441–42
evolutionary theism, 445
exclusivism, 14
executive will, 58
experience, 68
and doctrine, 72–76
nature of, 211
extended Aquinas-Calvin Model, 63
Fackre, Gabriel, 178
faith, 5, 12, 223, 233, 263, 55–59
affective understanding of, 70
ethos of, 7
and experience, 68–79
preambles of, 56
and reason, 59–65
as a theological virtue, 58
and tradition, 81–94
as trust, 57
in Wesleyan and Edwardsian Theology, 69–72
“fallen creation,” 123–24
Father, 75, 99–106, 108, 118, 150, 154, 157, 160, 314, 331, 342–43, 358, 361, 504, 508
“Federal Vision” movement, 252
Fee, Gordon, 505
Fénelon, Francois, 25
Ferngren, Gary B., 489, 490
fiducial elements, 71
figural theory, 419–20
filioque clause, 102–6
final destinations, 268–71
Finney, Charles, 239, 348
Fissiparousness, 7
(p. 517) Flaubert, Gustave, 425
Fletcher, Mary Bosanquet, 501
forgiveness, 153
Forsyth, P. T., 226–28, 271
Foster, Michael, 119, 249
foundationalist, 54
Four Noble Truths, Buddhism, 362–63
Fowler, James, 211
Fox, Quaker Margaret Fell, 501
Franciscan, 281
Franck, Sebastian, 86, 88, 89
Francke, August Hermann, 24, 241
Franke, John, 93
free will, 139–40
Frei, Hans, 8
Frelinghuysen, Theodore, 27
Freyne, Sean, 404
Freytag, Walter, 344
Fry, Elizabeth, 6–7, 15, 19
fundamentalists, 6–7, 19, 424
Gagnon, Robert, 16
Galilee, 404, 437
“Gap Theory,” 438
gender, 497–511
constructionist approach, 499
in current evangelical discourse, 502–6
definition of, 498–501
eschatologically reoriented by resurrection, ascension, and outpoured spirit, 506–9
essentialist approach, 499
women, in Scripture and church, 501–2
genesis creation, 11, 72–76, 141, 437–38
George, David, 30
Gillett, David, 248–50
Gillquist, Peter, 92
Gladden, Washington, 348
Glasser, Arthur, 349
gleaning, 413
Glendon, Mary Ann, 482
God, 10, 16, 47, 156 (see also Father)
belief in, 62–63, 248
words of, 248
Goldingay, 141
Goldman, Alvin, 54
Gorman, Michael J., 483, 484
gospel, 8, 266 (see also Scripture)
and the Bible, 195–97
and the church, 197–204
and contemporary evangelism, 204–6
Gosse, Philip Henry, 444
Gossett, Thomas, 467
gradations, 469
Graham, Billy, 6, 7, 19, 204–5, 236, 349
Great Awakening, 69, 77, 168–69, 307, 348, 392, 471
Great Commission, 348
Great Tradition, 111
Greco-Roman lifestyles, 345–46
Gregory, Eric, 15
Gregory of Nazianzus, 110, 160
Grenz, Stanley, 93, 506
Groothuis, Becca Merrill, 503–4
Grotius, Hugo, 226
Grudem, Wayne, 110, 503, 504
Guder, Darrell L., 358
Gunton, Colin, 100, 102, 110, 116, 121–22, 147, 286, 429, 506
Gushee, D. P., 380
Gutierrez, Gustavo, 348
Gutting, Gary, 63
Guyon, Madame, 25
Haddon, A. C., 467
Hall, Joseph, 420
Haring, Bernard, 212
Harmon, Steven, 254
Harnack, Adolf von, 345, 346
Harris, Howell, 27
Hart, Trevor, 13
Hatch, Nathan, 17
Hauerwas, Stanley, 15, 40, 151, 252, 253, 256, 373, 384, 392, 395
Haughton, Rosemary, 212
Hayek, Frederick, 406
Hays, Richard, 381–82
Helm, Paul, 63–64, 72
Henry, Carl, 91, 390, 482, 486
hermeneutics, 38
Heschel, Abraham, 123
Hick, John, 357
Hiebert, Paul, 211
Hill, Peter J., 408
Hindmarsh, Bruce, 212
Hinwood, P. Bonaventura, 476
Hocking, W. E., 349
Hodge, Charles, 38
Hoekendijk, J., 349
Holiness movements, 334, 392
Hollenweger, Walter, 250
Holmes Rolston III, 125
Holocaust, the, 178
Holy Communion, 43, 287
Holy Spirit, 11, 42–43, 62, 73, 75, 103, 106, 280
of the coming age, 161–62
contemporary pneumatologies, 159–60
at/after conversion, 164–66
and empowerment, 170–71
to serve others, 168–70
God's presence, 163, 166–67
mind of, 167–68
as person, 160–61
and purification, 166
revelation of Jesus, 162–63
and spiritual character, 166–67
and worship, 163–64
(p. 518) homosexual practice, 456–62
Hopkins, Gerard Manley, 118
Horton, Michael, 313
Houston, Walter, 375
houtōs, 190
Hubbard, L. R., 459
human behavior, 132
human beings, 122–23
human experience, rejection of liberalism's faith in, 8
humanity, 314
human life value, 482
human predicament, 359
Hunsinger, George, 107
Hunt, Dave, 254
Hutchinson, Ann, 501
Hütter, Reinhard, 253
Huxley, Julian, 467
Ignatius, 198
illumination, 46–47
image of God, 54, 122–23, 124, 181, 358–59, 391, 454, 455, 482, 484, 489–90, 503
imago Dei, 16, 358–59, 489–90, 506
incarnation, 147, 343
incest, 459
inclusivism, 14
inerrancy, 38, 40, 41, 45–46
inerrantists, 41
infallibility, 45–46
Intelligent Design, 121
intelligent design of evolution, 444–45
International Missionary Council, 300
Irenaeus, 85, 86, 198, 365
Islam, 357, 359–61
Israel, 150, 375
economy, and scripture, 403–5
and Palestine, 15
and salvation, 177–92
support for, 7
Jackson, Andrew, 473
James I, 26
Jenkins, Philip, 41, 250, 374
Jenson, Robert, 107
Jerome, 483
Jesus Christ, 21, 35, 37, 44, 45, 46–47, 56, 63, 146–58, 196–97, 203, 204, 205, 223, 224, 226, 227, 229, 232, 233, 238, 239–40, 252, 298, 301, 314, 326, 329–30, 331, 332, 335, 337, 342–43, 356–57, 358, 361, 363, 365, 423, 453, 477, 483, 491, 497–98, 506, 508 (see also Son)
ascension, 155–57
crucifixion, 152–55
image of Sacrifice, 152–54
image of Victor, 154–55
and disciples, 242–43
inauguration, 150–52
incarnation, 147, 343
on male-female prerequisite for sexual relations importance, 456–57
pre-exiztence, 146–47
recapitulation, 147–50
resurrection, 155, 327
Jewish, 180
Jim and Jane Crow, 474, 475
John of Damascus, 104
John of the Cross, 226
Johnson, Elizabeth, 107, 443
Johnson, James Turner, 384
Joint Declaration on Justification, 304
Jordan, Winthrop D., 467
Josephus, F., 484
Judaism, 134, 156, 242
justice, 41
justification, 12, 222–25
future directions, 231–33
issues, 228–31
Kallenberg, Brad, 211
Kant, Immanuel, 102, 422, 423
karma, 363–64
kata pneuma, 190
Kay, John, 407
Keener, Craig, 11, 505
Kempis, Thomas à, 238
Kenny, Anthony, 62
kenotic theology, 149–50
Kepler, J., 437
Keswick movement, 237–38
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 136, 348, 393
Klay, Robin, 410, 412
Knox, John, 223
Koop, C. Everett, 487
Kuyper, Abraham, 15, 396, 426–27
LaCelle-Peterson, Kristina, 502
La Cugna, Catherine Mowry, 107
Las Casas, Bartolomé de, 470, 471
Lateran Council, 102
Latourette, Kenneth Scott, 300
Lausanne Consultation, 349–50
Lawrence, Brother, 238
Leckie, J. H., 270
Lecky, W. E. H., 484
Lehrer, Keith, 54
Leo XIII (Pope), 348
lesbians, 458–59
Letham, Robert, 10
Lewis, C. S., 93, 118, 427, 428, 430
Lewontin, Richard C., 467
liberal theology, 7, 8
Lindbeck, George, 3, 8, 212
(p. 519) Linnaeus, Carulous, 473
liturgy, 13
Lloyd-Jones, Martyn, 296, 302
Locke, J., 60
Lombard, Peter, 108
London Missionary Society, 30, 299
Lonergan, Bernard, 212
Longnecker, Richard, 217
Looey, Heather, 500, 505
Lord's Supper, 315
love, 167
Lovelace, Richard F., 212, 218
Lundin, Roger, 15
Lunn, John, 15, 408, 412
Luther, Katie Von Bora, 501
Luther, Martin, 24, 57, 71–72, 81, 86, 90, 201–3, 225, 240, 283, 393, 395, 419, 435, 472, 486
Lutheran-Catholic Joint Declaration on Justification, 4
Lutheran Reformation, 81
MacDonald, George, 118
Machen, J. Gresham, 110
MacIntyre, Alasdair, 93, 252
Maddison, Angus, 405
Mahayana Buddhism, 363
Malina, Bruce, 404
Manicheanism, 425
marriage
creation model of, 449–50
ends of, 453–54
significance of sexual intercourse and, 454–55
Marsden, George, 9, 22, 482
Marshall, I. Howard, 42
Martin, David, 250
Martyr, Justin, 365
Marx, Karl, 266
Mary, 147, 200, 229
Mason, John, 412
Matera, Frank, 382
McCloskey, Deirdre, 405, 413–14
McClymond, Michael, 14
McCulloch, William, 27
McDermott, Gerald, 365
McFarland, Ian, 506
McGavran, Donald, 301
McGrath, Alister, 5, 8, 10, 15–16
McKim, Donald, 40
McKnight, Scot, 12
McMullen, Ramsey, 347
“mediate creation,” 442
Melanchthon, Philip, 86, 240
Meland, Bernard E., 228
Merton, Robert, 436
Methodism, 28, 298
Meyer, F. B., 238
Migliore, Daniel, 262, 267
Milbank, John, 393
Miley, John, 226
Miller, Hugh, 438
Milosz, Czeslaw, 429
missiology, 315
mission, 14, 341–54
historical patterns, 345–49
Lausanne movement and, 349–52
outline, 342–45
modalism, 102, 104
modern and postmodern challenges, 39–43
modern ideology, 229, 468–76
Catholic missionaries and the Iberian Empires, 469–71
critiquing race, confronting racism, 474–76
Protestant Reformers and humanism, 471–72
open hearts and open minds, 471
scientific racism and the abolitionist legacy, 472–74
theological anthropology before race, 468–69
theological reflection on, 476–77
modernism, 424
modernists, 15
modernity, 120
Mokyr, Joel, 405
Molnar, Paul, 107
Moltmann, Jürgen, 104, 105, 107, 123, 125, 159, 266, 267
monergism, 10, 70
Montagu, Ashley, 467
Moody, Dwight L., 204
moral influence theory of the atonement, 225
Moravians, 24
Morris, Henry M., 446
Mosaic law, 450
Moses, 162
Mott, John R., 298, 300
Mott, Lucretia, 502
Mouw, Richard, 396
Mugabe, Robert, 409
Muggeridge, Francis Malcolm, 488
Muller, Richard, 107
Muntzer, Thomas, 85
Murray, Andrew, 238, 443
Murray, Iain, 302
mutatis mutandis, 252
mysticism, 104
National Assembly, 296
naturalism, 424
natural law, and sin, 131–32
natural revelation, 116
natural sciences, 436, 467
natural selection, 16
Neil, Bishop Stephen, 305
Nelson, John, 427
neo-orthodoxy, 4, 38, 92, 230
neoplatonism, 226
(p. 520) Neuhaus, Richard John, 397
Nevius, John, 348
Newbigin, Lesslie, 120, 212, 214, 256, 344
New Laws, 471
new monasticism, 151
New Perspective on Paul (NPP), 71, 133, 178, 190, 206
New Testament, 11, 37, 90, 91, 131, 134, 156, 163, 241–44, 280, 327–31 (see also Bible)
New Testament ethics, 378–79
biblical Jesus and theological matrix, 381–82
biblical theological focus, 382
imitation of Jesus, 379–80
Jesus-centered character ethics, 380–81
Newton, Isaac, 436
New World, the, 470
Nicene Creed, 56, 197–98, 342
Nicene theology, 100
Niceno-Constantinopolitan creed, 102, 108, 110
Nicholls, Bruce, 110
Nicholson, Philip, 469
Niebuhr, H. Richard, 390, 425
Niebuhr, Reinhold, 6, 230, 393
Nietzsche, F. W., 64
Nightingale, Florence, 502
nihilism, 120
Niles, D. T., 351
Noell, Edd, 412
Noll, Mark, 5, 9, 17, 212, 317, 422
nondoxastic faith, 58–59
non-inerrantists, 41
Nordling, Cherith, 16–17
North, Douglass, 405
O'Brien, Peter, 140
O'Connor, Flannery, 427
Oden, Thomas, 5, 92, 195, 212, 215
O'Donovan, Oliver, 15, 131, 373, 392, 395, 396
old earth creationism, 144
Oldham, Joseph H., 475
Old Testament, 21, 37, 131, 153, 326–27 (see also Bible)
Old Testament ethics
context, interaction with, 375–76
framework for, 377–78
social and textual reconstruction, 374–75
virtue ethics, 376–77
Olson, Roger, 8
Omi, Michael, 467
1 Enoch, 484
One Faith, 195
opus dei, 74
ordo salutis, 71
Origen, 365
Orr, James, 16, 89, 141, 443
orthodox, 230
Owen, John, 107, 108, 280, 284–87
Ozment, Steven, 472
Packer, J. I., 89–90, 195, 441
Padilla, C. René, 350
Palamas, Gregory, 101, 226
Paleo-Orthodoxy, 92, 93
Palestine, 150, 403–4
Paley, William, 439
Palmer, Phoebe, 502
Pannenberg, Wolfhart, 107
Paraklëtos, 163
partisan, 55
Pascal, B., 63
Passover, 186
Pastoral Epistles, 85, 90
Paul II, John (Pope), 132, 292, 304, 349, 492
Paul III (Pope), 471
Pauw, Amy Plantinga, 108
Pelikan, Jaroslav, 91
Pentecostalism, 4, 14, 164, 250, 303
people of the book, 35–36. See also Scripture
Percy, Walker, 427
perseverance, 71
perversion, 135–36
Peters, Ted, 136
Philo of Alexandria, 484
Picasso, Pablo, 426
Pietism, 24, 26, 166, 241, 248, 473
Pinnock, Clark, 4, 7, 160, 122, 212, 365
Piper, John, 503
Plantinga, Alvin, 54, 62, 63, 129, 134, 136, 139
Platonism, 141, 226
Platonists, 55
Pleins, David, 374–75
pluralism, 14
Plutarch, 484
pneumatology, 344
points of contact, 358–59
with Buddhism, 362–64
with Islam, 361
Polanyi, Michael, 120
politics, 389–99
classical sources, 392–95
resourcement, 395–98
theological approach, 390–92
Polkinghorne, John, 120
Pollack, Jackson, 426
polyamory, 459
polygamy, 459
postliberalism, 8
(p. 521) poverty, 383
in rich nation, 410–13
“power evangelism,” 14
preaching, 318
Prestige, G. L., 100
pride, 139
Princetonians, 40, 41
Protestant, 3, 18
Protestantism, 82, 419
Protestant Reformation. See Reformation
punishment in Scripture, 140
Pure Land Buddhism, 363
purgatorial interim state, 272 n 23
Puritanism, 248
Puritans, 26, 215
Quiet Time, 247, 248, 250, 254, 255
Qur'an, 360
rabbi, 242–43
race, 465–79
modern ideology, 468–76
Catholic missionaries and the Iberian Empires, 469–71
critiquing race, confronting racism, 474–76
Protestant Reformers and humanism, 471–72
open hearts and open minds, 471
scientific racism and the abolitionist legacy, 472–74
theological anthropology before race, 468–69
theological reflection on, 476–77
transformation in twentieth century, 466–68
Radical Discipleship Group, 350
Radical Orthodoxy, 120, 121
Radical Reformation (Anabaptism), 85–86, 88
Radner, Ephraim, 13, 102, 106, 159, 212, 315, 357
Ramm, Bernard, 39–40
Ramsey, Paul, 384
Rauschenbusch, Walter, 348
Rawls, John, 393
Rawlyk, George, 22
reason, 53–55
faith and, 59–65
reatus culpae, 140
reatus in actu primo, 140
reatus poenae, 140
reconquista, 470
recovery of both the evangelical and the ancient Christian heritage, 211
Reformation, 4, 5, 15, 21, 26, 69, 232, 240, 298, 302, 392, 421
reformed theology, 78 n 10, 78 n 11
reformed thinkers, 164
Reformed tradition, theologians in, 141
Reformers, 202–3
regeneration, 71
Reid, Thomas, 91
Reinders, Hans, 492
Reliabilists, 54
religions, 355–67
Christian attitude toward, 356–57
exclusivist approach, 356
gospel non-hearers, 364–65
inclusivist approach, 356–57
missional approach, 357–59
to Buddhism, 362–64
to Islam, 359–61
pluralist approach, 357
religious experience. See experience
“replacement” theology, 187
resurrection of Jesus, 125–26, 155
revelation, 314
and imagination, 263–64
of Jesus, 162–63
revelation, 4–5, 80, 60, 358
revivalism, 12, 69, 209
challenges to, 210–13
Richard of St. Victor, 108
Ricoeur, Paul, 141
Rikk Watts, 11–12
Rinker, Rosalind, 238
Ritschl, Albrecht, 225
Rogers, Jack, 40
Rogerson, John, 375
Roman Catholicism. See Catholicism
Romanticism, 421
Romantic movements, 15
Rorty, Richard, 55, 64
Rowland, Daniel, 27
Rule of Faith, 46
Ruskin, John, 438
Sabbath, 122, 123
Sachs, Jeffrey, 410
Sadoleto, 86
salvation, 11–13, 60, 70, 71, 105, 157, 314
Israel and, 177–92
Spirit in, 166
Samuelson, Robert J., 411
sanctification, 224, 228
Sanders, E. P., 90, 147
Satan's fall, 141
satisfaction theories of the atonement as “divine child abuse,” 11
Saunders, Dame Cicely, 481
Schaefer, Kurt, 412
Schaeffer, Francis, 126, 390, 487
Schaeffer, Frank, 92
Scherer, James, 350
(p. 522) Schlatter, Adolf, 140
Schleiermacher, Friedrich, 109, 228, 303
Schmemann, Alexander, 123, 212
Schmitt, Carl, 391
Schneider, John, 402
Schoenberg, Arnold, 426.
Scholer, David, 505
Schwenkfeld, Caspar, 85
science, 434–47
early evangelicalism and, 436–37
evolution
contemporary evangelical approaches to, 442–45
debate over, 439–41
Benjamin B. Warfield on, 441–42
geology crisis, 437–38
Reformation, 435–36
scientific culture, 445–47
Scopes, John T., 442
Scopes Monkey Trial, 39
Scotus, Franciscan Duns, 118
Scripture, 8, 10, 16, 35–36, 81 (see also Bible; Torah)
as communicative act of the covenanting God, 44–45
external challenges, 39–40
inspiration of, 36–37
internal challenges, 40–43
interpretation of, 6
punishment in, 140
“Scripture principle,” 17
Second National Assembly of the Evangelical Alliance, 296
Segundo, Juan Luis, 348
Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, 27
sensus divinitatis, 63
Sentences of Pseudo-Phocylides, 484
separatism, 7
Sepulveda, Juan Gines de, 471
servum-arbitrium, 139–40
Severus, Septimus, 483
sexuality, 16
homosexual practice, 456–62
learning from Jesus, 449–55
Seymour, William, 167
Sherratt, Timothy, 396
Sibylline Oracle, 484
Sider, Ron, 384
Silver, Morris, 403
sin, 11, 106, 129–44
definition, 134–37
diversity mapping, 137–41
origin of, 141–42
true knowledge of, 130–34
single-source theory of tradition, 86–87
Skillen, James, 396
slavery, 383
Smith, Gordon, 12
Smith, Hannah Whitall, 238
Smith, James K. A., 253
Snodgrass, Klyne, 196
Snyder, Howard, 14
Sobrino, Jon, 348
social action, 5
social-ethical tradition, 347–48
sola fide, 12, 71, 223
sola gratia, 12, 223
sola scriptura, 7, 13, 17–18, 36, 37, 47, 88
solus Christus, 12, 223
soteriology, 397
Southern Baptist Convention (SBC), 487
Spencer, Aida, 505
Spener, Philipp, 24, 241
Spirit-baptism, 250 (see also Holy Spirit)
spiritual gifts
cessation of, 332–34
and culture, 336–37
and eschatology, 337
in New Testament, 327–31
in Old Testament, 326–27
practical meaning of, 335–36
renewed emphasis of, 334–35
terminology, 325–26
spiritual practices
assessment, 254–56
ecclesial practice, 251–54
enlarging, 249–51
traditional practices, 247–49
Stackhouse, John, 11
Stassen, 380
Stauffer, Argula Von, 501
Stoics, 131
Stone, Lucy, 502
Storkey, Elaine, 505
Stott, John, 7, 205, 296, 301, 302, 350, 390, 488
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 424
Strong, Augustus H., 134, 138
Stubbs, David, 403
Student Christian Movement (SCM), 299
Studer, Basil, 100
supercessionism, 397
supernatural experience, 73
supersessionism, 179
Swinburne, Richard, 62, 71, 72
synergism, 10, 70
Tada, Joni Eareckson, 491
Tauler, John, 226
Taylor, Charles, 211, 429, 430
Taylor, Edward, 283, 285
Tennent, Gilbert, 27
Teresa, Mother, 229
Tertullian, Quintus Septimius Florens, 60, 345, 483, 501, 198
(p. 523) theological foundations, 10–11, 97–173
Theravada Buddhism, 357
Thielicke, Helmut, 373
Thomas, Robert, 405
Thomism, 393
Tiessen, Terrence, 148
Til, Cornelius Van, 39
Till, Van, 445
Tolkien, J. R. R., 118, 427
Torah, 12, 183, 242, 403
Torrance, Alan, 506
Torrance, T. F., 104
Tozer, A. W., 311
tradition, 81–82
concepts of, 84–85
dual-source theory of, 87–88
ministerial role, within evangelicalism, 89–91
and recent developments within evangelicalism, 91–93
rejection of, as legitimate theological resources, 85–86
and Scripture authority, 88–89
and Scripture interpretation, 82–84
single-source theory of, 86–87
trinitarian, 342–43
Trinity, 10, 99–114, 153–54
Eastern and Western thoughts, 100–106
future directions, 110–11
paucity of interest in, 108–10
tritheism, 107
Trotman, Dawson, 237
trust (fiducia), 57
Truth, Sojouner, 502
Tseng, Timothy, 16
Tubman, Harriet, 502
Two-Body struggle, 281–82
Two Covenant, 179, 188
Tyndale, William, 280
unborn. See abortion
United Evangelical Church, 296
United Methodist Church, 304
universalism, 230, 271
universal restoration, 271
Updike, John, 126, 427
Uppsala Assembly, 301
utilitarianism, 372
van Gogh, Vincent, 419
Vanhoozer, Kevin, 9, 313, 430
Van Leeuwen, Mary Stewart, 505
Vanstone, W. H., 124–25
venial sins, 138
Venn, Henry, 289
Victor, Christus, 12
virtues, 58, 376–77
cultivation of, 372
ethics, 252
as a theological virtue, 58
Vitoria, Francisco de, 471
Volf, Miroslav, 475–77, 506
von Karlstadt, Andreas Bodenstein, 81
von Zinzendorf, Ludwig Nicholas, 24
Wagner, Peter, 250
Wainwright, Geoffrey, 254
Ward, W. R., 23
Warfield, B. B., 15, 38, 74, 110, 440
Warneck, Gustav, 342
Webber, Robert, 211, 212, 311
Weber, Max, 333, 435
Webster, John, 75
Weigel, George, 397
Wenham, John, 271
Wesley, Charles, 26, 27
Wesley, John, 3, 26, 27, 168, 203–4, 215, 239, 248, 298, 299, 333, 437
Wesley, Susanna, 501
Wesleyan Arminianism, 77
Wesleyan-Methodist movement, 348
Westminster Confession, 81
White, Andrew Dickson, 446
Whitefield, George, 26, 27, 69, 239
Wieman, Henry Nelson, 228
Wilberforce, William, 348
Wilkinson, Loren, 10
will, 58
Willard, Dallas, 12, 251
Williams, Daniel Day, 228
Williams, George, 298
Williams, William, 27
Wilson, E. O., 117
Wimber, John, 14, 250, 347
Winant, Howard, 467
Witvliet, John, 13
Wolterstorff, Nicholas, 57, 62, 396, 427, 430
women, in Scripture and church, 501–2
Wood, Jay, 9
Woodbridge, John, 41
Woodhead, Linda, 506
Woolf, Virginia, 426
World's Student Christian Federation, 298
World Alliance of Reformed Churches, 106
World Council of Churches (WCC), 298, 300, 342, 349
World Evangelical Fellowship (WEF), 298
worship, 13, 163–64, 253
associated biblical texts, 311–13
Christian doctrine and, 313–16
congregational song, 317–18
and conversion, 318–20
interrelated meanings, 310–11
Lord's Supper, 320
personal and private devotion, 318
preaching, 316–17
recent movements, current scholarship, prospects for the future, 320–22
(p. 524) Wright, Christopher, 377
Wright, N.T., 5, 90, 120, 147, 151, 397
Wuthnow, Robert, 251, 254
Wycliffe, John, 282, 287
Yoder, John Howard, 151, 230, 373, 384, 395
Yong, Amos, 4, 160, 490, 491
young earth creationism, 443–44
Young Men's Christian Association (Y.M.C.A.), 299
Zagzebski, Linda, 54, 59
Zell, Katherine, 501
Zizioulas, John, 212
Zwingli, Huldrych, 283, 289, 320, 435, 472