Abstract and Keywords
This article addresses the issue of determinism in literary naturalism. Definitions of naturalism as a movement, perceptions of naturalism's optimism or pessimism, estimations of naturalism's success or failure as art, evaluations of naturalism's moral and social significance, and specific interpretations of individual works all rest squarely on beliefs and assumptions about determinism and free will. Unfortunately, this aspect of naturalistic philosophy remains the most superficially understood, despite having been so frequently discussed. Until critics' misunderstandings of determinism are squarely addressed, complaints about naturalism's logical inconsistency will persist.
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