Abstract and Keywords
This chapter describes and analyzes the historical development of psychology in Colombia from its beginning to the present, including its future perspectives. The social and cultural context of the country is presented, with its fundamental characteristics. The psychological ideas that have been developed in Colombia are analyzed, beginning with indigenous psychologies and continuing with the influence of the ideas originating from Europe during the Spanish Colonial period, as well as during Independence, the formative period, and the present situation. Psychology as a science and psychology as a profession have been developed in Colombia starting from the second half of the 20th century. The role of psychology in the understanding and solution of social issues is outlined here. The main areas of psychological work and scientific research, the journals published in the country, the conceptual frames of reference of Colombian psychology, and the challenges and problems that it faces, along with the future perspective are described. Colombian psychologists and psychologists of Latin America and of the developing world in general, seek to obtain a delicate balance between a scientific psychology with general universal laws and a psychology that is relevant for the social and cultural context of the country.
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