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date: 16 October 2017

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter consists of two parts. The first part focuses on the idea of God that Spinoza speaks about in E2p3. It will be claimed that there is a sense in which Spinoza’s so-called parallelism between mental and physical realms can be treated roughly as a corollary to there being an idea of God. Spinoza started his thinking about the relation between thought and extension from above, i.e. from the infinite idea of God and its relation to infinite extension and then descended to particular minds and their relation to particular bodies. This is why any investigation of mind-body relation has to start from God’s mind or intellect. In the second part, these finite thinkers and their relation to modes of extension is investigated. Spinoza’s grand view is that the durational existence of these finite thinkers is dependent on a subset of God’s ideas of actual bodies. Thus, for Spinoza any mind is the idea of its corresponding body.

Keywords: idea, object, truth, parallelism, identity, adequacy

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