Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 July 2018

Abstract and Keywords

During World War II, the Dominion developed plans to meet the public's demand for a state that would play a greater role in the development of the welfare state. As a result, “executive federalism” was born as an instrumental response to the democratic will of the people. The federal–provincial arena brought together federal spending power, provincial jurisdiction, and new program ideas. It also brought revenue sharing, tax harmonization, a welfare state, and fiscal decentralization. While the federation of Canada moved to the intergovernmental fiscal arena, where the provinces operate within a framework of broad interdependence, the provinces eventually became autonomous. They declined to negotiate lower transfers, and the federal government eventually acted unilaterally in its adjustments to fiscal arrangements. This article discusses intergovernmental fiscal relations within the Canadian federation. It discusses the relevant constitutional provisions on intergovernmental fiscal relations and intergovernmental relations over four historical periods since World War II.

Keywords: welfare state, executive federalism, federal spending power, fiscal decentralization, federal government, Canadian federation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, intergovernmental relations

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.