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date: 17 November 2018

Abstract and Keywords

A number of programs have been developed to treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and acute stress disorder (ASD). Few of these programs have substantial empirical support for their efficacy. Most programs with established efficacy are based on techniques of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), including exposure therapy, cognitive therapy, and anxiety management training or, in the case of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, incorporate techniques similar to those used in CBT approaches. This chapter describes the major treatment approaches that have been empirically evaluated and reviews the treatment outcome literature for these programs. It concludes that there is substantial evidence for the efficacy of CBT approaches, particularly those that incorporate exposure to the traumatic memory. However, the literature provides little guidance to select among the available treatments as those studies that directly compare two or more treatments show largely equivalent outcomes.

Keywords: acute stress disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, therapy, trauma, treatment

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