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date: 15 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter illustrates the manufacturing of the US.-Mexico border crisis by providing a historical overview and a discourse analysis of contemporary US public-policies that contribute to the subjugation of the region and by extension to the vulnerability of border communities and migrants on their journey to the United States. The chapter begins with a vignette on a border patrol agent’s excessive use of force actions that resulted in the death of a Mexican youth. This tragedy is a testament of border security policies that enact state-sanctioned violence that continues to threaten the collective safety of residents on both sides of the United States—Mexico border and migrants. The chapter then discusses how the borderlands has historically been marked by conquest and violence from its creation to the present where national security policies created community insecurity. Next, the chapter discusses border-crossing-related deaths including the upward trend in these tragedies, the use of these deaths to expand anti-immigrant legislation, and concerns with migrant death statistics. Lastly, the chapter conducts a critical discourse analysis of the Executive Order: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements released on January 2017 under the Trump presidency to illustrate how political rhetoric and power over the US-Mexico border are created and exacerbated the manufacturing of the border crisis.

Keywords: border security, Executive Order, immigration enforcement, border militarization, migrant deaths, state-sanctioned violence

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