- The Crisis of the Baroque
- Decentering the European Imaginary: A Baroque Taste for India
- Line and Trait of the Baroque River
- Water in The Baroque Garden
- Fashioning the Baroque Male
- Antinomies of the Twenty-First-Century Neobaroque: Cormac McCarthy and Demian Schopf
- The Automaton
- The Baroque City
- Surface and Substance: Baroque Dress in Spain and France, 1600–1720
- Baroque Dance
- Ibero-American Architecture and Urbanism
- Baroque Organ Music
- Ottoman Baroque
- Baroque Opera
- Machine Plays
- The Organization of Knowledge from Ramus to Diderot
- Experience and Knowledge in the Baroque
- Conversation and Civility
- The Philosopher’s Baroque: Benjamin, Lacan, Deleuze
- The Spanish Baroque Novel
- Baroque Tragedy
- The Baroque as a Literary Concept
- Baroque Discourse
- Classical Defense of the Baroque
- The Baroque and Philosophy
- The Baroque as Anti-Classicism: The French Case
- Is There a Baroque Style of Preaching in Early Modern France?
- Prayer, Meditation, and Retreat
- Baroque Sexualities
- Paradoxes: Baroque Science
- Baroque Diplomacy
- The End of Witch-Hunting
- Time and Chronometry
- Court Spectacle and Entertainment
- The Baroque State
Abstract and Keywords
A penchant for retreat permeates baroque devotion. Prayer is key, and withdrawal from the world corroborates sincere prayer. Some believers retreat to the cloister for an existence of permanent absorption, but believers are generally enjoined to retreat for a few days annually to follow a devotional program, or for moments of prayer across the day. While verbal prayer is seen as a basic expression of devotion, mental prayer is generally deemed more efficacious, demanding as it does the believer’s full attention. Chapels, chambers, and gardens are privileged sites of devout absorption; prayer books, rosaries, and devotional images sustain the inward turn; manuals teach the practice; and written and drawn portraits show those who master it. This chapter presents the ideal of devotional retreat in prayer as well as some of its spatial, spiritual, corporeal, and material corollaries.
Mette Birkedal Bruun is Professor of Church History at the University of Copenhagen. She is the author of Parables: Bernard of Clairvaux’s Mapping of Spiritual Topography (Brill, 2007), editor of The Cambridge Companion to the Cistercian Order (Cambridge, 2012), and co-editor of several volumes including Negotiating Heritage: Memories of the Middle Ages (Brepols, 2008) and Commonplace Culture in Western Europe in the Early Modern Period (Peeters, 2011). She was awarded the Carlsberg Foundation Research Prize in 2017.
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