- Copyright Page
- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter illustrates how transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used to investigate the functional relevance and temporal characteristics of language-related brain networks for various aspects of language processing. In contrast to neuroimaging methods establishing mainly correlative relationships between patterns of neural activity and cognitive functions, TMS enables a direct manipulation of neural network activity with respective functional consequences on behavior and cognition. Examples of whether and how TMS has been demonstrated to unravel such functional brain-behavior relationships in the domain of language processing, which is unarguably one of the most complex human abilities one could aim to investigate from a neuroscience perspective, are presented. This chapter therefore first introduces the basic principles and mechanisms of action underlying TMS, including the many possible application protocols. Based on the understanding that TMS can investigate both the spatial as well as temporal characteristics of the neural correlates of language, the suitability and limitations of TMS in language research are discussed. Next, examples of TMS language studies that have successfully employed the different advantages of TMS are presented. Finally, the applicability of TMS for clinical populations in the context of language-related deficits such as aphasia are reviewed briefly, followed by a short outlook on future perspectives of TMS in the study of language.
Teresa Schuhmann is an Associate Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at Maastricht University. Her research focuses on applying various noninvasive neuromodulation techniques in cognitive and clinical neuroscience. Dr. Schuhmann is one of the pioneers in the combination of neuroimaging and neuromodulation techniques for studying the network dynamics underlying language production.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.