- Copyright Page
- Neurolinguistics: A Brief Historical Perspective
- Neurolinguistic Studies of Patients with Acquired Aphasias
- Electrophysiological Methods in the Study of Language Processing
- Studying Language with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Study the Neural Network Account of Language
- Magnetoencephalography and the Cortical Dynamics of Language Processing
- Shedding Light on Language Function and Its Development with Optical Brain Imaging
- What Has Direct Cortical and Subcortical Electrostimulation Taught Us about Neurolinguistics?
- Diffusion Imaging Methods in Language Sciences
- Neuroplasticity: Language and Emotional Development in Children with Perinatal Stroke
- The Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism: Plasticity and Control
- Language and Aging
- Language Plasticity in Epilepsy
- Language Development in Deaf Children: Sign Language and Cochlear Implants
- Neuromotor Organization of Speech Production
- The Neural Organization of Signed Language: Aphasia and Neuroscience Evidence
- Understanding How We Produce Written Words: Lessons from the Brain
- Motor Speech Disorders
- Investigating the Spatial and Temporal Components of Speech Production
- The Dorsal Stream Auditory-Motor Interface for Speech
- Neural Representations of Concept Knowledge
- Finding Concepts in Brain Patterns: From Feature Lists to Similarity Spaces
- The How and What of Object Knowledge in the Human Brain
- Neural Basis of Monolingual and Bilingual Reading
- Dyslexia and Its Neurobiological Basis
- Speech Perception: A Perspective from Lateralization, Motorization, and Oscillation
- Sentence Processing: Toward a Neurobiological Approach
- Comprehension of Metaphors and Idioms: An Updated Meta-analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Studies
- Language Comprehension and Emotion: Where Are the Interfaces, and Who Cares?
- Grammatical Categories
- Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Agrammatism
- Verbal Working Memory
- Subcortical Contributions to Language
- Lateralization of Language
- Neural Mechanisms of Music and Language
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews recent empirical and theoretical research on the cortical underpinnings of grammatical categories. It draws on data from multiple brain mapping methods, but it places special emphasis on a topic that has been quite prominent in this branch of neurolinguistics, namely the noun-verb distinction. This distinction is addressed from five perspectives: (1) studies that focus on the meanings of prototypical object nouns and action verbs; (2) studies that report brain-damaged patients with word production impairments that selectively or disproportionately affect not only a particular grammatical category (nouns/verbs), but also a particular output channel (speaking/writing); (3) studies that attempt to overcome confounds between conceptual and grammatical factors, either by closely matching the meanings of nouns and verbs, or by investigating both concrete and abstract nouns and verbs; (4) studies that concentrate on the different inflectional processes associated with nouns and verbs; and (5) studies that address subclasses of nouns and verbs—in particular, proper versus common nouns, and transitive versus intransitive verbs. The last section of the chapter goes beyond the noun-verb distinction by briefly discussing some neurolinguistic work on other grammatical categories—specifically, adjectives and a few classes of closed-closed items.
David Kemmerer’s empirical and theoretical work focuses mainly on how different conceptual domains are mediated by different cortical systems. He is especially interested in the relationships between semantics, grammar, perception, and action, and in cross-linguistic similarities and differences in conceptual representation. He has published over 60 articles and chapters, and also wrote an introductory textbook called Cognitive Neuroscience of Language 2015.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.