- Food, Water and Society: An Analytical Framework
- Natural Capital Accounting for Water Resources
- Will Irrigation Technology, Pricing, or Quotas Ensure Sustainable Water Use?
- Green Water Used By Plants And Managed By Farmers: Measurement, Accounting, Policy
- Green Water and Food Security
- Global food Trade and Local Water Resources: Can We Bridge the Regulatory Gap?
- Water Service Requirements for Agriculture: Nature, Nurture, and Negotiation
- Dietary Patterns that Value People and the Planet
- Incentive Programs to Address the Challenges of Hunger, Undernutrition, and Obesity in the United States
- Valuing Water in Food Systems and Beyond
- Valuing Water in Supply Chains
- Subsidies and the Environment: Impacts of WTO Agricultural Support Disciplines
- The Potential Impact of Improved Water Management to Alleviate Water Scarcity and Hunger: A Global Perspective
- Water and Food in the American West: Lessons from Recent Droughts in California
- Food and Water Security in North America’s Transboundary Sonoran Desert: A Water-Exporting Dryland
- Water Issues and the Brazilian Agricultural Agenda
- Water in Australian Agriculture
- Food and Water Management in Northwest Africa
- Food and Water Security in the Mediterranean Basin
- Food and Water Management in Southern Africa
- Food and Water Security in West Asia
- Global Wheat Value Chains
- Water & Coffee
- The Future of Rice
- Oil Palm Value Chain Management
- A Farmer’s Perspective on Sustainable Agriculture, Soil, and Water Health
- Farmer-led Water User Associations in Agricultural Water Management
- The Variable Rate Irrigation Management Challenge
- The Role of New and Green Water Resources in Localizing Water and Food Security Under Arid and Semiarid Conditions
- The Water Infrastructure Crisis
- Understanding Pesticides in England and Wales: Pathways, Policies, and Pollution Prevention
- Modelling Agricultural Controls for Flooding and Soil Erosion
- Societal Drivers of Food and Water Systems 1: The Approach by Way of Material Flows, Household Consumption Styles, and Contending Schools of Engineering Thought
- Societal Drivers of Food and Water Systems 2: Applying Plural Rationality to Some Wicked Problems
- Disruptive Food Supply Chains: Bringing it all Back Home
- The Global Uptake of Conservation Agriculture and the Impact on Water-Related Ecosystem Services
- Water Management by Farmers
- Gender, Poverty and Politics Along the Real-Virtual Water Spectrum
Abstract and Keywords
West Asia is one of the most water-scarce regions of the world and one of its foremost importers of virtual water despite sustained efforts at self-sufficiency, especially in cereal production. Technology-oriented policy solutions eye a reorientation of agriculture towards fruit and vegetables that are less water-intensive than cereals and provide more value added per water unit consumed. Turkey is a role model here; the country has an agricultural trade surplus and ranks among the top ten agricultural economies globally in value terms. Yet technology-oriented policy prescriptions overlook the sociopolitical ‘problemsheds’ that emerge (along with new agro-lobbies) and agriculture as the main water consumer has to compete with other economic sectors and sprawling urbanization. This article looks at the different categories of countries and their specific challenges.
Eckart Woertz is Senior Research Fellow at the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs and scientific advisor to Kuwait Chair at Sciences Po.
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