- Food, Water and Society: An Analytical Framework
- <i>Green Water</i> Used By Plants And Managed By Farmers: Measurement, Accounting, Policy
- Green Water and Food Security
- Natural Capital Accounting for Water Resources
- Will Irrigation Technology, Pricing, or Quotas Ensure Sustainable Water Use?
- Global food Trade and Local Water Resources: Can We Bridge the Regulatory Gap?
- Water Service Requirements for Agriculture: Nature, Nurture, and Negotiation
- Valuing Water in Supply Chains
- Valuing Water in Food Systems and Beyond
- Subsidies and the Environment: Impacts of WTO Agricultural Support Disciplines
- Dietary Patterns that Value People and the Planet
- Incentive Programs to Address the Challenges of Hunger, Undernutrition, and Obesity in the United States
- Farmer-led Water User Associations in Agricultural Water Management
- Gender, Poverty and Politics Along the Real-Virtual Water Spectrum
- Societal Drivers of Food and Water Systems 1: The Approach by Way of Material Flows, Household Consumption Styles, and Contending Schools of Engineering Thought
- Societal Drivers of Food and Water Systems 2: Applying Plural Rationality to Some Wicked Problems
- Water and Food in the American West: Lessons from Recent Droughts in California
- Food and Water Security in North America’s Transboundary Sonoran Desert: A Water-Exporting Dryland
- Water Issues and the Brazilian Agricultural Agenda
- Water in Australian Agriculture
- Food and Water Management in Northwest Africa
- Food and Water Security in the Mediterranean Basin
- Food and Water Management in Southern Africa
- Food and Water Security in West Asia
- Understanding Pesticides in England and Wales: Pathways, Policies, and Pollution Prevention
- Water and Society: The Hierarchy of Demand for Drinking Water and Water-based Sanitation Over Agriculture in a Rain Fed Economy: The Cape Town Experience 2017-8
- Global Wheat Value Chains
- Water & Coffee
- The Future of Rice
- Oil Palm Value Chain Management
- Successes and Problems with Measuring Water Consumption in Beef Systems
- The Potential Impact of Improved Water Management to Alleviate Water Scarcity and Hunger: A Global Perspective
- The Global Uptake of Conservation Agriculture and the Impact on Water-Related Ecosystem Services
- A Farmer’s Perspective on Sustainable Agriculture, Soil, and Water Health
- The Variable Rate Irrigation Management Challenge
- The Water Infrastructure Crisis
- Integrating Multi-Capital Thinking into Business Decisions
- Modelling Agricultural Controls for Flooding and Soil Erosion
- Water Management by Farmers
- The Role of New and Green Water Resources in Localizing Water and Food Security Under Arid and Semiarid Conditions
- Disruptive Food Supply Chains: Bringing it all Back Home
- Lab-Grown Meat Production: Can It Change the World?
- Food, Water and the Consequences of Society Not Valuing the Environment
- Circumventing Water Scarcity in the Jordan Basin: Decoupling trends in Israel and Jordan
Abstract and Keywords
Irrigation dominates demand in many watershort countries, generating competition, scarcity, and environmental degradation. Remedies require political commitment, laws, institutional reforms and technical interventions, collectively based on physical water accounts that distinguish between nonconsumptive uses that largely return water to the surface or subsurface system environment for reuse, and consumptive uses that remove water from the local water system. Domestic and industrial uses predominate in the former category; irrigation dominates the latter. The most commonly recommended solution to the water crisis, namely improved technology, has the potential to worsen scarcity by increasing both consumption and demand for water. An alternative option, pricing, has nowhere been successfully demonstrated to reduce irrigation demand to sustainable levels. Enforced physical quotas that are consistent with sustainable consumption is the only proven approach, and it is essential that the elements necessary to achieve this are introduced before widespread adoption of ‘hi tech’ irrigation is promoted.
former World Bank
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