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date: 20 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Despite its difficult gestation, the Jesuit mathematical schools, thanks to Christoph Clavius, gained great prestige in a short time. The Society of Jesus, therefore, provided a fertile ground for mathematical and astronomical studies. Between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, many generations of scholars had been trained in schools of the Society of Jesus. Jesuit mathematicians were interested in scientific innovation and they contributed original research to all scientific disciplines of the time, in addition to playing a key role in spreading scientific knowledge. Many Jesuits have an important place in the history of mathematics. Their handbooks and scientific texts were used and highly regarded by the greatest European mathematicians. In this chapter, we give an account of the events that characterized the birth and the developments of the Jesuit mathematical education, by focusing mainly on European assistances in addition to a brief account of Jesuit mathematical missions in Asia.

Keywords: Asia, assistances, Clavius, colleges, handbooks, Jesuit mathematicians, mathematical school, mathematics, missionary mathematicians, scientific innovation

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