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date: 18 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores current activism and debates on the discourse of gender within the WPS agenda. To do so, the convergence of women’s and LGBTI rights organizing in Iraq is explored. The interpretation of gender under the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda is outdated, binary, and heteronormative. This narrow approach has overlooked the experiences of lesbians, bisexual women, transgender, and intersex (LBTI) people in conflict and disaster settings, failing to capture threats and/or create tailored responses to meet survivors’ needs. In response, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI), and women’s rights activists have begun to collaborate, raising awareness about how gender and sexuality are intertwined. This chapter suggests that broadening the WPS agenda’s understanding of gender is in everyone’s interests. It argues that a broader interpretation of gender builds coalitions across the women’s and LGBTI movements which amount to a larger movement committed to ending violence against individuals for defying traditionally ascribed gender roles.

Keywords: LGBTI movements, Iraq, activism, gender

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