Abstract and Keywords
“Voice” is the complex interaction of the vocal mechanism with the rest of the body used to produce speech and song (melody, rhythm, and language) as well as so-called vegetative sounds, such as coughing, crying, screaming, and so on. The voice and vocal production for speech or singing is so much more than the lungs, larynx, and vocal tract depicted in many vocal pedagogy texts. Balance, as well as increased muscle tension of the neck, shoulders, and torso, can change the necessary finely tuned coordination of respiration, phonation, and resonance necessary for speaking, singing, and swallowing. Understanding of this exquisite mechanism has increased one-hundred-fold since the middle of the twentieth century due to improved technology and research opportunities in laryngeal imaging and acoustic analysis.
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