- Copyright Page
- The Law and Economics of the Going-Public Decision
- IPO Regulators Gone Wild
- Determinants of Variation in IPO Underpricing
- IPO Valuation: The International Evidence
- Survey and Synthesis of the IPO Underpricing Literature: The Fixed-Offer Price Constraint as a Unifying Core Explanation
- IPO Market Conditions and Timing over the Long Run
- The Interplay of IPO and M&A Markets: The Many Ways That One Affects the Other
- Lower Visibility Platforms Serving as Stepping Stones to National Stock Exchanges: The Case of Shell Reverse Mergers
- Going Public in China: Reverse Mergers versus IPOs on Chinese Markets
- Specified Purpose Acquisition Company IPOs
- The Impact of IPOs’ Analyst Coverage on the Choice and Timing of SEOs: A Survival Analysis
- Auditor Selection and IPO Underpricing
- The Structure and Role of the Underwriting Syndicate
- Venture Capital and Financial Reporting in Newly Public Firms
- The Dark Side of Venture Capital Syndication and IPO Firm Performance: The Impact of Different Institutional Environments
- All Ties Are Not Created Equal: Institutional Equity Ties, IPO Performance, and Market Growth of New Ventures
- Is Exchange Regulation Effective for Junior Public Equity Markets?
- Corporate Governance in European IPOs
- Survival of Initial Public Offerings on Europe’s New Stock Markets
- Initial Public Offerings in Germany between 1997 and 2015
- The Underpricing of Initial Public Offerings and Private Placements of Equity in China
- IPOs in New Zealand: An Analysis of Benchmark-Adjusted Performance
- Initial Public Offerings in Hong Kong
- The Admission and Regulation of Overseas Issuers: A Survey of the Top Four Financial Centers
- IPOs in a Major Emerging Market Economy—India
- Private Capital Marketplaces and IPOs
- Crowdfunding: Business and Regulatory Perspective
- Regulatory Arbitrage in Cross-Border Crowdfunding
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter studies the valuation of 6,199 IPOs during 1998–2015 for Australia, Canada, China, Germany, India, Japan, United Kingdom, and United States. Net income is positively related to initial public offering (IPO) valuation in each of the eight countries. The economic impact of net income is largest for Chinese IPOs and smallest for Australian IPOs. Book value is positively and significantly related to IPO valuation in Canada, Germany, India, and the United States. Capital expenditure is significantly and positively related to IPO valuation in Canada, Germany, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States. There is a positive and statistically significant relation between insider retention and IPO valuation in China, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States; positive but marginally significant relationship for India and Japan. Underwriter reputation has a positive and statistically significant relationship for IPOs in China, Germany, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
University of Colorado, Boulder
Jun Lu is Assistant Professor in Finance at Chinese Academy of Finance and Development, Central University of Finance & Economics.
Srinivasan Rangan is Associate Professor of Finance and Accounting at Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore.
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