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date: 23 September 2017

Abstract and Keywords

After showing that the frame “science is broken” is beginning to appear in mainstream media, this chapter examines the ways in which retractions and problems in peer review are characterized, both in media and by partisans, as confirmation that the scientific enterprise is untrustworthy. Media coverage of two widely reported retractions is examined to determine how the prevalence and meaning of retractions are framed. The role of the availability heuristic in prompting overgeneralization of scientific misconduct is noted. To promote trust in science, ways to communicate a “science as self-correcting” frame and to convey the rarity of retractions are explored.

Keywords: science as self-correcting, retractions, peer review, media, partisans

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