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date: 20 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Dewey campaigned for a “recovery” or a “reconstruction” of philosophy. He did not see philosophy as having come to an end, but, instead, hoped to find a radically new way of continuing. This chapter seeks to understand what he had in mind and to recommend it. At different stages of his career, Dewey offered characterizations so different that it seems he had no single conception of philosophy; however, when his writings are seen as contributions to a large project of fostering human social progress, the diverse accounts of philosophy can be reconciled. Further, recognizing the important role philosophy is to play in progressive inquiry and progressive social practice enables us to understand why Dewey’s writings proceed at distinct levels. The changes he advocates mark a decisive shift in the way philosophy is to be done.

Keywords: Dewey, nature of philosophy, social critique, progress, metaphysics, epistemology, democracy, education

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