- The Oxford Handbook of the Radical Right
- The Radical Right: An Introduction
- The Radical Right and Nationalism
- The Radical Right and Islamophobia
- The Radical Right and Antisemitism
- The Radical Right and Populism
- The Radical Right and Fascism
- The Radical Right and Euroskepticism
- Explaining Electoral Support for the Radical Right
- Party Systems and Radical Right-Wing Parties
- Gender and the Radical Right
- Globalization, Cleavages, and the Radical Right
- Party Organization and the Radical Right
- Charisma and the Radical Right
- Media and the Radical Right
- The Non-Party Sector of the Radical Right
- The Political Impact of the Radical Right
- The Radical Right as Social Movement Organizations
- Youth and the Radical Right
- Religion and the Radical Right
- Radical Right Cross-National Links and International Cooperation
- Political Violence and the Radical Right
- The Radical Right in France
- The Radical Right in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland
- The Radical Right in Belgium and the Netherlands
- The Radical Right in Southern Europe
- The Radical Right in the United Kingdom
- The Radical Right in the Nordic Countries
- The Radical Right in Eastern Europe
- The Radical Right in Post-Soviet Russia
- The Radical Right in Post-Soviet Ukraine
- The Radical Right in the United States of America
- The Radical Right in Australia
- The Radical Right in Israel
- The Radical Right in Japan
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter introduces some basic contours of Russia’s contemporary radical right scene. It distinguishes between systemic and non-systemic ultra-nationalist groups in Putin’s Russia, the principal difference being the groups’ and individual actors’ proximity and clarity of connections to the crypto-authoritarian regime. The systemic component consists of political groups, authors, and activists that are allowed or encouraged to participate in official mass media and public life. Main actors of the mainstream radical right include Vladimir Zhirinovskii’s Liberal-Democratic Party of Russia and organizations using the “Rodina” (Motherland) label. Major expressions of government-supported Russian “uncivil society” and anti-democratic intellectual discourse include the writings of the far right political thinkers Lev Gumilev and Aleksandr Dugin. Manifestations of the non-systemic component of Russia’s extreme right include skinheads and their use of ethnic violence, political movements such as the Movement Against Illegal Immigration, other descendants of the “Pamiat” (Memory) organization in the 1980s, and their activities.
Richard Arnold (Ph.D., The Ohio State University) is Associate Professor of Political Science at Muskingum University in New Concord, Ohio, and most recently the author of Russian Nationalism and Ethnic Violence: Symbolic Violence, Lynching, Pogrom, and Massacre (Routledge, 2016). His papers have appeared in, among other journals, Theoretical Criminology, Post-Soviet Affairs, Problems of Post-Communism, Journal for the Study of Radicalism, and Nationalities Papers.
Andreas Umland (Ph.D., University of Cambridge) is Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Euro-Atlantic Cooperation in Kyiv, and general editor of the book series Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society (ibidem-Verlag, 2004) distributed, since 2014, by Columbia University Press. His articles have appeared in, among other journals, e-Foreign Affairs, e-Foreign Policy, Political Studies Review, Perspectives on Politics, European Political Science, Journal of Democracy, Europe-Asia Studies, European History Quarterly, Problems of Post-Communism, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Russian Review, Nationalities Papers, East European Jewish Affairs, Journal of Slavic Military Studies, Demokratizatsiya, Internationale Politik, Österreichische Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft, Osteuropa, Jahrbuch für Ostrecht, and Voprosy filosofii.
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