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date: 16 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The fact that situations are an integral aspect of daily life has not escaped the social sciences, with great efforts being expended toward identifying the core aspects of situations and how they influence psychological outcomes. However, while great advancements have been made in identifying the primary dimensions underlying persons, the field has been much slower to advance upon an equivalent taxonomy of situation characteristics. This chapter focuses on the various methods available for assessing these basic situation dimensions and explicates why the lexical approach to situations likely holds the key to this decades-long quest. The chapter discusses the core concepts of the lexical approach to situations; the ways—both explicitly and implicitly—it has been implemented in the extant literature; provides practical guidelines for future lexical research; and discusses the potential limitations and future directions of the approach.

Keywords: lexical approach, situations, situation characteristics, CAPTION, psychological situation, lexical research, lexical history, situation history, situation review, lexical review

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