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date: 17 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Research has demonstrated that personality is consistently linked to important health outcomes such as longevity, health care utilization, and adherence to prescribed treatment of illness and disease. However, situational factors may amplify, block, or modify person-level characteristics that affect these outcomes. Therefore, the integration of situation and personality research may add predictive validity for important outcomes such as health behavior and health care utilization. This chapter discusses the importance of context in the joint study of personality and health. We introduce a roadmap for studying health and situations emphasizing the need for theoretical and measurement frameworks. Lastly, the chapter reviews relevant methodological considerations for studying health situations, including tools for assessing situations (e.g., experience sampling, wearable cameras), and recruiting from appropriate populations.

Keywords: health psychology, health care utilization, health outcomes, person-situation transactions

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