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date: 15 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

We know that (besides dispositions) situations affect behavior. To understand the situational contributions to prediction, we need frameworks for cataloging the different types of situations. To this end, useful situation-classifications have emerged recently. This chapter considers several puzzles in arriving at an optimal classification of situations. Can we learn something from how language is used? Should subjective states count as a kind of situation? Is culture a situation? What else should we consider in endeavoring to make the situation-classification comprehensive? At the other extreme of parsimony, to what minimal underlying structure can situations be reduced? How might the respective structures of situations and personality be related? It is concluded that each personality dimension may have particularly diagnostic situations integral to the relevant trait variation. And there are empirical indications for two situation-dimensions apparently closely allied with two dimensions in affect and motivation.

Keywords: situations, personality, language, emotion, culture, Big Five, honesty, motivation

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