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date: 15 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The purpose of this chapter is to argue that the way personality psychologists should study situations is to organize situation characteristics by the influence they have on Big Five states. An examination of situations by their influence on Big Five states builds on personality psychologists’ existing strengths, does not require a comprehensive consideration of all situations, and could inform about the mechanisms of the Big Five. We propose that researchers examine how the manifestation of personality traits varies from moment to moment, based on the situations the person encounters, and then organize successful properties according to the Big Five manifestations they bring out. In this chapter, we explore this logic, identify its assumptions, and compare it to alternative approaches. We are encouraged by the turn toward the study of situations as key to the future of personality psychology.

Keywords: situations, states, manifestations, Big Five, mechanisms, trait explanations

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