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date: 24 September 2018

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter focuses on three key issues of the psychology of situations in the special case where a situation is defined by the personality of a (potential) interaction partner. First, any taxonomy of personality can be considered as a taxonomy of situations. This recognition provides a special twist to lexically derived personality taxonomies as they mainly originate from perceptions of others’ personality and, thus, from perceptions of situations. Second, in this special case statistical personality × situation interactions become personality × personality interactions, which are discussed from the perspective of the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) and the Social Relations Model (SRM). Third, dynamical personality-environment transactions become personality–personality transactions, which are discussed from a developmental perspective. Implications for the psychology of situations are highlighted and a new model for personality × situation interactions is proposed, the Actor-Situation Interdependence Model (ASIM).

Keywords: personality × situation interaction, personality × personality interaction, personality × environment transaction, personality × personality transaction, Lewin’s formula, Actor-Partner Interdependence Model, Social Relations Model, Actor-Situation Interdependence Model

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