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date: 23 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses ethical considerations that arise in three essential tasks for measuring health inequity in public health: defining health inequity, empirically operationalizing the chosen definition of health inequity, and quantifying the magnitude of health inequity. The first section introduces some of the definitions of health inequity and health inequality proposed in relevant literatures. The second section discusses some of the important strategies used to incorporate, explicitly and transparently, these various perspectives of health inequity into its measurement. The third section outlines some of the key ethical considerations that arise in choosing indices to quantify the magnitude of health inequity. Measurement of health inequity requires consideration of ethics, methods, and policy. Interdisciplinary integration of these three considerations is critical for its further advance.

Keywords: health inequity, health inequality, measurement, ethics, methods, policy, public health, public health ethics

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