- The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society
- List of Contributors
- Introduction—Language and Society: A Critical Poststructuralist Perspective
- Language and Society: Historical Overview and the Emergence of a Field of Study
- Language, Imperialism, and the Modern Nation-State System: Implications for Language Rights
- Language and Political Economy
- Language and Power
- Language Ideologies
- Language Policy and Local Practices
- Language, Migration, Diaspora: Challenging the Big Battalions of Groupism
- Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Globalization, and Superdiversity: Toward Sociolinguistic Repertoires
- Diglossia and Beyond
- Language Shift and Sustainability: Critical Discourses and Beyond
- Discourses of Endangerment from Mother Tongues to Machine Readability
- Sign Languages
- Multiliteracies and Transcultural Education
- Urban Languages in African Contexts: Toward a Multimodal Approach to Urban Languages
- Indigenous Peoples and Their Languages
- Entry Visa Denied: The Construction of Symbolic Language Borders in Educational Settings
- Linguistic Profiling and Discrimination
- From Elderspeak to Gerontolinguistics: Sociolinguistic Myths
- Language and Racialization
- Language and Sexuality
- Linguistic Landscapes
- The Internet, Language, and Virtual Interactions
- Mediatization and the Language of Journalism
- Bilingual Education
- Conclusion: Moving the Study of Language and Society into the Future
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter deals with the relatively new yet burgeoning interdisciplinary field of linguistic landscapes (LL), which focuses on the visual representations of language(s) in the public space. After discussing the emergence and institutionalization of the field, the chapter turns to a range of currently debated theoretical topics and methodological approaches. Attention is drawn to how LL research reflects a shift away from modernist perspectives on language and society by exploring issues related to multilingualism and translingual mixing, to language policy and contestation, to minority languages and tokenistic commodification, and to the scaled mobility of linguistic resources. By means of illustration, examples are provided from different locations in the linguistic landscape of Brussels (Belgium). This chapter argues that because of the very nature of the LL research object, i.e. a more or less restricted (material) frame, LL can be a prime research locus to explore new phenomena and interdisciplinary methodological paths.
Luk Van Mensel is a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the University of Namur, Belgium, and a visiting lecturer at the University of Leuven, Belgium. He has published on a variety of subjects in SLA and sociolinguistics, including the economic aspects of multilingualism, multilingualism in the family, linguistic landscapes, and language education policy, frequently with a focus on Brussels. He is also co-editor of Minority Languages in the Linguistic Landscape (2012), along with Durk Gorter and Heiko F. Marten.
Mieke Vandenbroucke is an FWO PhD candidate (Research Foundation Flanders) and a member of the LANG+ research group in the Linguistics Department (Language in Society and Multilingualism) at Ghent University, Belgium. Her research interests lie at the intersection of sociolinguistics and urban geography, with a particular focus on globalization-affected multilingualism in Europe, language policy and nationalist ideologies, inner-city gentrification, and socioeconomic stratification. She has conducted fieldwork in Amsterdam, Brussels, rural Flanders, and Kosovo.
Robert Blackwood is Reader in French Sociolinguistics at the University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, and is an Associate Editor of the journal Linguistic Landscape. He is the author of The State, the Activists, and the Islanders: Language Policy on Corsica (2008) and co-author with Stefania Tufi of The Linguistic Landscape of the Mediterranean: French and Italian Coastal Cities (2015). In addition, he is co-editor of Negotiating and Contesting Identities in Linguistic Landscapes (2016), with Elizabeth Lanza and Hirut Woldemariam. He has published widely in English and French on questions surrounding the Linguistic Landscape, as well as language policy, with a specific focus on Corsica.
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