- The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society
- List of Contributors
- Introduction—Language and Society: A Critical Poststructuralist Perspective
- Language and Society: Historical Overview and the Emergence of a Field of Study
- Language, Imperialism, and the Modern Nation-State System: Implications for Language Rights
- Language and Political Economy
- Language and Power
- Language Ideologies
- Language Policy and Local Practices
- Language, Migration, Diaspora: Challenging the Big Battalions of Groupism
- Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Globalization, and Superdiversity: Toward Sociolinguistic Repertoires
- Diglossia and Beyond
- Language Shift and Sustainability: Critical Discourses and Beyond
- Discourses of Endangerment from Mother Tongues to Machine Readability
- Sign Languages
- Multiliteracies and Transcultural Education
- Urban Languages in African Contexts: Toward a Multimodal Approach to Urban Languages
- Indigenous Peoples and Their Languages
- Entry Visa Denied: The Construction of Symbolic Language Borders in Educational Settings
- Linguistic Profiling and Discrimination
- From Elderspeak to Gerontolinguistics: Sociolinguistic Myths
- Language and Racialization
- Language and Sexuality
- Linguistic Landscapes
- The Internet, Language, and Virtual Interactions
- Mediatization and the Language of Journalism
- Bilingual Education
- Conclusion: Moving the Study of Language and Society into the Future
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses diglossia as one of the charismatic concepts that sociolinguistics has produced. It describes diglossia’s provenance, its major conceptualizations by Ferguson and Fishman, and its quintessential contribution to the study of language and society, before tackling some of the problems that it engenders. Attention is drawn to the preoccupation in diglossia studies with structural outcomes and universal causality patterns, the mechanistic social logic these studies rely on, and their agnosticism of the ideology behind their object of investigation. Diglossia has boosted the exploration of the intra- and bilingual divisions of labor that people produce with relative stability. This chapter argues, however, that an adequate explanation of such phenomena needs to go beyond a taxonomic approach and requires attending to the micro-interactional enregisterment and larger-scale metadiscursive regimentation of different ways of speaking.
Jürgen Jaspers is Associate Professor of Dutch Linguistics in the Faculty of Literature, Translation and Communication at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium. His research interests include the sociolinguistic ethnographic analysis of urban education and language standardization processes. He is the co-editor of Society and Language Use (2010, John Benjamins, 2010) and of special issues in Journal of Pragmatics (2011) and Applied Linguistics Review (with Lian Malai Madsen, 2016). He has published recently in Pragmatics, Multilingua, Science Communication, Language in Society, Journal of Germanic Linguistics, Language Policy, International Journal of the Sociology of Language, as well as in various edited volumes.
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