- The Oxford Handbook of Language and Society
- List of Contributors
- Introduction—Language and Society: A Critical Poststructuralist Perspective
- Language and Society: Historical Overview and the Emergence of a Field of Study
- Language, Imperialism, and the Modern Nation-State System: Implications for Language Rights
- Language and Political Economy
- Language and Power
- Language Ideologies
- Language Policy and Local Practices
- Language, Migration, Diaspora: Challenging the Big Battalions of Groupism
- Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Globalization, and Superdiversity: Toward Sociolinguistic Repertoires
- Diglossia and Beyond
- Language Shift and Sustainability: Critical Discourses and Beyond
- Discourses of Endangerment from Mother Tongues to Machine Readability
- Sign Languages
- Multiliteracies and Transcultural Education
- Urban Languages in African Contexts: Toward a Multimodal Approach to Urban Languages
- Indigenous Peoples and Their Languages
- Entry Visa Denied: The Construction of Symbolic Language Borders in Educational Settings
- Linguistic Profiling and Discrimination
- From Elderspeak to Gerontolinguistics: Sociolinguistic Myths
- Language and Racialization
- Language and Sexuality
- Linguistic Landscapes
- The Internet, Language, and Virtual Interactions
- Mediatization and the Language of Journalism
- Bilingual Education
- Conclusion: Moving the Study of Language and Society into the Future
Abstract and Keywords
The dominant discourse of language endangerment, centered on countable (named) languages and finite numbers of speakers, is rooted in a nineteenth-century argument between those who viewed language change as following a structural logic internal to each linguistic system, and those (e.g., dialectologists) who observed how changes wash over populations of speakers in a wave-like fashion, driven by grammar-external (sociocultural and economic) factors. Most of modern sociolinguistics (including Labovian variationism) has started from the second position; much recent work in documentary linguistics seems to start from the first. This has implications both for efforts to document endangered languages in the field, and for the design of digital and other infrastructures meant to preserve for posterity the “last words” of a language’s terminal speakers. Speech practices associated with complex and unstable forms of societal plurilingualism and the re-stratification of multilingual speaker repertoires are also in urgent need of documentation and analysis.
Robert Moore is a Senior Lecturer in Educational Linguistics at the Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania. He has conducted ethnographic and linguistic fieldwork in Indian Reservation communities in the US Pacific Northwest, and has produced studies of language shift and language revitalization in the United States, Ireland, and Finland. Other studies have explored brands and branding as social semiosis, the popular culture of “accent” in contemporary Irish English, and social media as a source for sociolinguistic metacommentary.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.