Abstract and Keywords
Over the last several decades a robust language ideologies literature has forged new paths in the study of relations between social and linguistic structures. Rather than viewing ideas about language as epiphenomena of marginal importance in scholarly analyses of linguistic form and function, language ideologies theorists persuasively argue that cultural conceptions of language are fundamental structuring components of communicative praxis. This language ideologies perspective hinges on ethnographic accounts of culturally specific ways in which language is construed, as well as careful analyses of referential and non-referential elements of linguistic practice. This chapter shows how language ideologies research has developed and moved beyond accounts of language attitudes in sociolinguistics to powerfully theorize linkages among linguistic forms and cultural contexts across interactional, institutional, and political-economic scales. It concludes by pointing to emergent directions in work on language ideologies, focusing specifically on questions surrounding the agents and objects of language ideologies.
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