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date: 23 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Is it possible to discriminate against someone based purely on the sound of his or her voice, say, during a telephone conversation? Depending upon the speech of the individual the deceptively simplistic answer could be “yes.” This chapter explores topics related to linguistic profiling and corresponding discrimination, drawing extensively from examples that have occurred within the United States. Diverse linguistic research methods and their applications are described, along with their relevance to analyses of language attitudes that undergird many instances of discrimination that are derived from prejudicial reactions to speech. Linguistic profiling is not restricted to the United States, and this discussion describes the relevance of this phenomenon globally, including relevance to language attitudes, education, and employment. Efforts to promote greater linguistic acceptance in support of improved social harmony are advocated in the conclusion.

Keywords: linguistic profiling, discrimination, language attitudes, education, employment

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