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date: 21 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Apocalyptic literature demonstrates an obsession with time. This chapter suggests that the elaborate descriptions and predictions of world history found in apocalypses produced an intrinsic need within apocalyptic communities for textual revision. Since apocalypses are framed as revelations, it was no simple matter to change them. Apocalyptic communities developed the practice of revelatory exegesis in order to revise failed prophecies and revitalize them for the contemporary events and concerns. This chapter analyzes Daniel 9 and 12, 4 Ezra, 4QApocryphon of Jeremiah, and 1QPesher Habakkuk in order to highlight how apocalyptic writers and communities used revelatory exegesis to revise failed prophecies.

Keywords: apocalypse, Daniel, vision, revelatory exegesis, failed prophecy, revision, religious practice

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