- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- Copyright Page
- Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
- Age and Crime
- Age of Onset of Offending Behavior
- Specialization and Versatility in Offending
- Acceleration, Deceleration, Escalation, and De-escalation
- Persistence and Desistance
- Trajectories of Criminal Behavior Across the Life Course
- The Developmental Taxonomy
- Developmental Pathways to Conduct Problems and Serious Forms of Delinquency
- The Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential (ICAP) Theory: New Empirical Tests
- The Interconnected Development of Personal Controls and Antisocial Behavior
- The Social Development Model
- Interactional Theory
- The Dynamics of Change: Criminogenic Interactions and Life-Course Patterns in Crime
- The Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control
- Biosocial Influences on Offending Across the Life Course
- Personality and Other Individual Influences on Offending
- Family Influences on Youth Offending
- Peer Influences on Offending
- Schools and the Pathway to Crime: A Focus on Relationships
- Developmental Influences of Substance Use on Criminal Offending
- The Impact of Changes in Family Situations on Persistence and Desistance from Crime
- Employment, Crime, and the Life Course
- The Effects of Neighborhood Context and Residential Mobility on Criminal Persistence and Desistance
- Religion and the Military
- The Effects of Juvenile System Processing on Subsequent Delinquency Outcomes
- Effects of Incarceration
- Desistance and Cognitive Transformations
- Developmental and Life-Course Findings on Women and Girls
- Family-Based Programs for Preventing Delinquency and Later Offending
- Developmental Preschool and School Programs Against Violence and Offending
- Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment to Prevent Offending and to Rehabilitate Offenders
- Cost-Benefit Analysis of Developmental Prevention
- Conclusions and Implications for Developmental and Life-Course Criminology
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter details some important literature related to peers, delinquency, and development, offering a sense of how those parallel findings should be viewed in relation to one another when considering offending behavior. It next considers the theoretical perspectives that have incorporated peer influences in their core tenets. The chapter assesses the ways in which peers and gangs fit into the practical literature on crime prevention. It also looks at how justice response might account for peer influences on offending behavior, describing some areas that offer opportunities for growth in knowledge with respect to the role of peers in offending over the life course. Finally, the chapter explores the opportunities to expand the empirical evidence base and also discusses the prospects of this specific area of this literature for contributing more generally to the understanding of crime and societal response.
Christopher J. Sullivan is an Associate Professor in the School of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati.
Kristina K. Childs is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at the University of Central Florida.
Shaun Gann is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice at Boise State University.
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