- Table of National Cases
- Table of Treaties, Declarations, and Other International Instruments
- Table of Abbreviations
- Notes on the Contributors
- Moral Philosophy
- Biological Foundations of Human Rights
- Sociology of Human Rights
- The Psychological Foundations of Human Rights
- Anthropology and the Grounds of Human Rights
- The Foundations of Justice and Human Rights in Early Legal Texts and Thought
- General Principles and Constitutions as Sources of Human Rights Law
- The Anti-Slavery Movement and the Rise of International Non-Governmental Organizations
- Diplomatic Protection as a Source of Human Rights Law
- Humanitarian Law as a Source of Human Rights Law
- Social Justice, Rights, and Labour
- The Protection of Minorities under the Auspices of the League of Nations
- Human Dignity
- Democracy and the Rule of Law
- The Law-Making Process: From Declaration to Treaty to Custom to Prevention
- Core Rights and Obligations
- Jus Cogens and Obligations Erga Omnes
- Positive and Negative Obligations
- From Commission to the Council: Evolution of UN Charter Bodies
- The Role and Impact of Treaty Bodies
- The Role of International Tribunals: Law-Making or Creative Interpretation?
- Universality and the Growth of Regional Systems
- National Implementation and Interpretation
- Roles and Responsibilities of Non-State Actors
- Interpretation of Human Rights Treaties
- Enforcing Human Rights Through Economic Sanctions
- Transnational Litigation: Jurisdiction and Immunities
- The Use of International Force to Prevent or Halt Atrocities: From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect
- Trade Law and Investment Law
- Creating and Applying Human Rights Indicators
- What Outcomes for Victims?
- Human Rights Make a Difference: Lessons from Latin America
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the relation between the history of anthropology and human rights. It explains that anthropology first became connected with human rights in 1947 when the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) asked the American Anthropological Association (AAA) to write an advisory opinion on human rights during the drafting of what would become the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It also contends that the history of anthropology’s relationship to human enables a better understanding of how and why human rights developed as they did.
Conflict Analysis and Anthropology, George Mason University
Mark Goodale is an anthropologist, sociolegal scholar, and social theorist. He is currently Associate Professor of Conflict Analysis and Anthropology at George Mason University and Series Editor of Stanford Studies in Human Rights. Before coming to George Mason, he was the first Marjorie Shostak Distinguished Lecturer in Anthropology at Emory University. He is the author or editor of seven books, including, most recently, Human Rights at the Crossroads (ed, OUP 2012), Mirrors of Justice (with Kamari Maxine Clarke, CUP 2010), Surrendering to Utopia (Stanford UP 2009), Human Rights: An Anthropological Reader (Blackwell 2009), Dilemmas of Modernity (Stanford UP 2008), and The Practice of Human Rights (with Sally Engle Merry, CUP 2007). His writings have appeared in Law and Society Review, Law and Social Inquiry, Social and Legal Studies, Current Anthropology, American Anthropologist, and American Ethnologist, among others. He is currently working on a number of new projects, including a study of the constitutional revolution in Bolivia based on several years of research funded by the National Science Foundation and the Wenner-Gren Foundation.
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