- Table of National Cases
- Table of Treaties, Declarations, and Other International Instruments
- Table of Abbreviations
- Notes on the Contributors
- Moral Philosophy
- Biological Foundations of Human Rights
- Sociology of Human Rights
- The Psychological Foundations of Human Rights
- Anthropology and the Grounds of Human Rights
- The Foundations of Justice and Human Rights in Early Legal Texts and Thought
- General Principles and Constitutions as Sources of Human Rights Law
- The Anti-Slavery Movement and the Rise of International Non-Governmental Organizations
- Diplomatic Protection as a Source of Human Rights Law
- Humanitarian Law as a Source of Human Rights Law
- Social Justice, Rights, and Labour
- The Protection of Minorities under the Auspices of the League of Nations
- Human Dignity
- Democracy and the Rule of Law
- The Law-Making Process: From Declaration to Treaty to Custom to Prevention
- Core Rights and Obligations
- Jus Cogens and Obligations Erga Omnes
- Positive and Negative Obligations
- From Commission to the Council: Evolution of UN Charter Bodies
- The Role and Impact of Treaty Bodies
- The Role of International Tribunals: Law-Making or Creative Interpretation?
- Universality and the Growth of Regional Systems
- National Implementation and Interpretation
- Roles and Responsibilities of Non-State Actors
- Interpretation of Human Rights Treaties
- Enforcing Human Rights Through Economic Sanctions
- Transnational Litigation: Jurisdiction and Immunities
- The Use of International Force to Prevent or Halt Atrocities: From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect
- Trade Law and Investment Law
- Creating and Applying Human Rights Indicators
- What Outcomes for Victims?
- Human Rights Make a Difference: Lessons from Latin America
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the role of sociology in international human rights law. It discusses the relevant views of German sociologist Max Weber and considers the issues of human rights and citizenship rights. It describes the emergence of the sociology of human rights as a consequence of taking globalization seriously and highlights the failure of sociologists to address long-standing philosophical problems surrounding human rights. This article identifies a number of legitimate sociological areas of inquiry which include the social and political conditions that have produced the entitlements or juridical revolutions and the social movements that have fostered human rights developments.
Sociology, Graduate Center at the City University of New York
Bryan S. Turner is the Presidential Professor of Sociology and the Director of the Committee on Religion at the Graduate Center at the City University of New York. He was the Alona Evans Distinguished Visiting Professor of Sociology at Wellesley College (2009–10) and Professor of Sociology at Cambridge University England (1998–2005). He was awarded a doctor of letters by the University of Cambridge in 2009. His publications in the field of citizenship and human rights include Vulnerability and Human Rights (2006), Rights and Virtues. Political Essays on Citizenship and Social Justice (2008) and Religion and Modern Society. Citizenship, Secularization and the State (2011). He is the editor of The Cambridge Dictionary of Sociology (2006), and the founding editor of the journal Citizenship Studies. He was recently appointed as the general editor of the Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Social Theory.
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