- Table of National Cases
- Table of Treaties, Declarations, and Other International Instruments
- Table of Abbreviations
- Notes on the Contributors
- Moral Philosophy
- Biological Foundations of Human Rights
- Sociology of Human Rights
- The Psychological Foundations of Human Rights
- Anthropology and the Grounds of Human Rights
- The Foundations of Justice and Human Rights in Early Legal Texts and Thought
- General Principles and Constitutions as Sources of Human Rights Law
- The Anti-Slavery Movement and the Rise of International Non-Governmental Organizations
- Diplomatic Protection as a Source of Human Rights Law
- Humanitarian Law as a Source of Human Rights Law
- Social Justice, Rights, and Labour
- The Protection of Minorities under the Auspices of the League of Nations
- Human Dignity
- Democracy and the Rule of Law
- The Law-Making Process: From Declaration to Treaty to Custom to Prevention
- Core Rights and Obligations
- Jus Cogens and Obligations Erga Omnes
- Positive and Negative Obligations
- From Commission to the Council: Evolution of UN Charter Bodies
- The Role and Impact of Treaty Bodies
- The Role of International Tribunals: Law-Making or Creative Interpretation?
- Universality and the Growth of Regional Systems
- National Implementation and Interpretation
- Roles and Responsibilities of Non-State Actors
- Interpretation of Human Rights Treaties
- Enforcing Human Rights Through Economic Sanctions
- Transnational Litigation: Jurisdiction and Immunities
- The Use of International Force to Prevent or Halt Atrocities: From Humanitarian Intervention to the Responsibility to Protect
- Trade Law and Investment Law
- Creating and Applying Human Rights Indicators
- What Outcomes for Victims?
- Human Rights Make a Difference: Lessons from Latin America
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the protection of minority rights under League of Nations. It explains that the League was created to be a specialized institution for minorities but the mechanism for responding to the grievances of the minorities was developed only after the Versailles peace conference in 1919–20. It discusses the main principles and structures of the League of Nations mechanism and the complaints procedure. This article also explains that the League of Nations was replaced by the United Nations in 1946 but its minority protection system was not included in the responsibilities of the new organization. It also highlights the contribution of the League to the evolution of the doctrine of the international legal protection of human rights.
International Law, Péter Pázmány Catholic University of Budapest
Péter Kovács, PhD (1987), dr. habil (1997), DSc (2011) studied at the University of Szeged, Hungary (1978-1983) and in France at the Centre européen universitaire - Université de Nancy II and International Institute of Human Rights of Strasbourg) (1983-1984). He is Professor of international law at the Péter Pázmány Catholic University of Budapest (since 1997) and has consulted with the Hungarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1990-1994, 1998-1999). He participated as governmental expert in the drafting of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages and of the Framework-convention for the protection of national minorities (Strasbourg, Council of Europe, 1990-1992 and 1993-1994). Since 2005, he has served as Judge of the Constitutional Court of Hungary. He has been a visiting professor at French universities including Montpellier (2000 March), Paris XI (2002 March), Paris II (2003 February, 2009 March), Nantes (2003 March) and also in Germany: Regensburg (2011 August). He was a Fulbright visiting professor at Denver University, College of Law in 2002.
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