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Accountability as a Cultural Keyword  

Melvin J. Dubnick

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter examines the emergence of accountability as a culturally significant concept that both reflects and shapes changes taking place in our understanding of contemporary ... More

Affect and Political Choice  

Ann N. Crigler and Parker R. Hevron

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
Whether political observers and participants applaud or decry the presence of emotions in political decision-making, scholars have begun to view the relationship between affect and reason ... More

Agenda-Setting Theory: The Frontier Research Questions  

Maxwell McCombs and Sebastián Valenzuela

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Sep 2014
This chapter discusses contemporary directions of agenda-setting research. It reviews the basic concept of agenda setting, the transfer of salience from the media agenda to the public ... More

Agent‐Based Modeling  

Scott de Marchi and Scott E. Page

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article provides a discussion on agent-based modeling. Two examples that show the ability of computational methods to extend game-theoretic results are presented. It then discusses ... More

Aggregating Survey Data to Estimate Subnational Public Opinion  

Paul Brace

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
Public opinion’s role in shaping governmental actions is a central concern of democracy, yet the absence of systematic state-level survey data has inhibited analyses of public opinion at ... More

Anthropology  

Cris Shore

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Jan 2014
From an anthropological perspective, political leadership is a system of social relationships involving authority, charisma and other forms of personal or institutional power, whose rules ... More

Arms Supply and Proliferation Networks  

David Kinsella and Alexander H. Montgomery

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Network analyses of global and regional arms flows (including small arms and light weapons, major conventional weapons, and weapons of mass destruction) and related international ... More

At-A-Distance Analysis  

Mark Schafer

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter reviews the state of the art in at-a-distance analysis. This methodology originated in attempts by psychologists and students of policy-making and international relations to ... More

Bayesian Analysis  

Andrew D. Martin

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article surveys modern Bayesian methods of estimating statistical models. It first provides an introduction to the Bayesian approach for statistical inference, contrasting it with ... More

Biographical Analysis  

James Walter

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This chapter reviews the historical development of the genre of biography in relation to the social sciences, and discusses the debates about its utility in the study of leadership. Taking ... More

Biological and Psychological Influences on Interpersonal and Political Trust  

Matthew Cawvey, Matthew Hayes, Damarys Canache, and Jeffery J. Mondak

Print publication date:
Mar 2018
Online publication date:
May 2017
Levels of interpersonal and political trust undoubtedly ebb and flow in response to external stimuli. Despite the variability in one’s environment, there is good reason to believe that ... More

Candidate Traits and Political Choice  

Bruce W. Hardy

Print publication date:
Aug 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
What role do presidential candidate character traits play in vote decisions? To some, the answer is obvious as campaigns, journalists, pundits, and voters frequently differentiate ... More

Case Selection for Case‐Study Analysis: Qualitative and Quantitative Techniques  

John Gerring

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article presents some guidance by cataloging nine different techniques for case selection: typical, diverse, extreme, deviant, influential, crucial, pathway, most similar, and most ... More

Case Study Methods  

Andrew Bennett and Colin Elman

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article focuses on a third generation of qualitative methods research. Third-generation qualitative methods provide a unique bridge between the single-logic-of-inference and ... More

The Case Study: What it is and What it Does  

John Gerring

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article presents a reconstructed definition of the case study approach to research. This definition emphasizes comparative politics, which has been closely linked to this method since ... More

Case‐Oriented Configura‐Tional Research: Qualitative Comparative Analysis (Qca), Fuzzy Sets, and Related Techniques  

Benoît Rihoux

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article investigates the tradition of case-oriented configurational research, focusing specifically on qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) as a tool for causal inference. It first ... More

Causal Inference in Political Networks  

Jon C. Rogowski and Betsy Sinclair

Print publication date:
Sep 2017
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Though scholars have developed an increasingly rich set of research findings regarding the structure of political networks, identifying causal associations between these networks and ... More

Causal Inference with Complex Survey Designs: Generating Population Estimates Using Survey Weights  

Ines Levin and Betsy Sinclair

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2016
This article discusses methods that combine survey weighting and propensity score matching to estimate population average treatment effects. Beginning with an overview of causal inference ... More

Causality and Time in Historical Institutionalism  

James Mahoney, Khairunnisa Mohamedali, and Christoph Nguyen

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
May 2016
This chapter explores the dual concern with causality and time in historical-institutionalism using a graphical approach. Conceptualizing causes as filters, the chapter analyses three ... More

Causation and Explanation in Social Science  

Henry E. Brady

Print publication date:
Aug 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article provides an overview of causal thinking by characterizing four approaches to causal inference. It also describes the INUS model. It specifically presents a user-friendly ... More

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