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1325 + 17 = ?: Filling in the Blanks of the Women, Peace, and Security Agenda  

Kimberly Theidon

Print publication date:
Feb 2018
Online publication date:
Dec 2017
This chapter focuses on the absence of certain marginal groups from the United Nations’ Women, Peace, and Security Agenda and suggests correctives to those exclusions. The chapter ... More

“A Force for Good”?: Paradoxes of Swedish Military Activism  

Lisbeth Aggestam and Adrian Hyde-Price

Print publication date:
Dec 2015
Online publication date:
Jun 2016
This chapter examines the politics of Swedish military activism and the paradoxes they involve. Since the end of the Cold War, Sweden has been involved a range of international military ... More

Aaron Wildavsky, The Politics of the Budgetary Process  

Joachim Wehner

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This chapter comments on Aaron Wildavsky’s seminal work, The Politics of the Budgetary Process, an in-depth look at the norms and rules of budgeting in the United States and the stable ... More

About Institutions, Mainly, but not Exclusively, Political  

Jean Blondel

Print publication date:
Jun 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article discusses the concept of institution by examining the components of an institution and the way in which institutionalization can increase or decrease. It considers the place ... More

Accountability and Ambiguity  

Johan P. Olsen

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Ambiguity is intrinsic to life. Yet, mainstream accountability theory reduces its area of application by not taking ambiguity seriously. The literature treats too many aspects as exogenous ... More

Accountability and Blame–Avoidance  

Christopher Hood

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter advances three claims. First, it argues that the concepts of accountability and blame-avoidance have much in common and can be understood as mirror-image concepts for the ... More

Accountability and Citizen Participation  

Bodil Damgaard and Jenny M. Lewis

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter provides an analytical framework aimed at measuring citizen participation in public accountability processes beyond the fundamental mechanism of parliamentary elections. The ... More

Accountability and Constitutional Law  

Carol Harlow

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter argues that, although accountability is a term well understood in constitutional law, it is not a central term of art within the discipline. It explores the public law origins ... More

Accountability and Multi-Level Governance  

Yannis Papadopoulos

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter first presents the major characteristics of multi-level governance and gives examples thereof from the European and the transnational level. It then identifies a number of ... More

Accountability and New Public Management  

Per Lægreid

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter links the rise of public accountability to the wave of New Public Management (NPM) reforms. It argues that the relationship between increased managerial accountability and ... More

Accountability and Principal–Agent Theory  

Sean Gailmard

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Principal-agent theory encapsulates a tradition of rational choice modeling in which some actor(s)—the principal(s)—uses whatever actions are available to provide incentives for some other ... More

Accountability and the Survival of Governments  

José María Maravall

Print publication date:
Jul 2009
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article considers accountability and the survival of governments. A government is considered to be accountable when its citizens can hold it responsible for its actions and punish or ... More

Accountability Deficits  

Richard Mulgan

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
The notion of an accountability deficit is particularly associated with the absence of political control by democratically elected political representatives (where it is linked with a ... More

Accountability in Public Administration  

B. Guy Peters

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Reconciling the permanence and expertise of the public bureaucracy with political control is a persistent problem in democracies. Accountability is an increasingly complex and difficult ... More

Accountability, Legitimacy, and the Court of Public Opinion  

Mark H. Moore

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Liberal societies have long been concerned about the effective control of the powerful governmental institutions that arise within them. Over the past decade and a half, governments have ... More

Accountable Civil Servants  

John Uhr

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter examines international debates over civil service accountability. It begins with early twentieth-century theories of state forms of politically neutral public accountability ... More

Accountable Networks  

Erik-Hans Klijn and Joop F.M. Koppenjan

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
If public policies and services are decided upon and delivered in networks comprised of various parties from within and outside government, accountability often is seen as problematic. ... More

Accountable Public Services  

Barbara S. Romzek

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter reviews accountability issues that arise in service delivery, including traditional direct delivery as well as delivery through contracts, partnerships, intergovernmental ... More

Accounting and Auditing  

Christie Hayne and Steven E. Salterio

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
This chapter outlines the sources of public accountability in financial accounting practices and how public accounting (i.e., auditing) attempts to ensure financial accounts are ... More

Accounting for Crises  

Sanneke Kuipers and Paul 't Hart

Print publication date:
May 2014
Online publication date:
Aug 2014
Crises—be they natural disasters, industrial accidents or system collapses—are no longer seen as “acts of God”; they immediately invoke intense debates on culpability and consequences. ... More

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