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Advances in Visualization for Theory Testing in Environmental Criminology  

Patricia L. Brantingham, Paul J. Brantingham, Justin Song, and Valerie Spicer

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
This chapter discusses advances in visualization for environmental criminology. The environment within which people move has many dimensions that influence or constrain decisions and ... More

Case Study: Black Homicide Victimization in Toronto, Ontario, Canada  

Sara K. Thompson

Most criminological theory and research on the black homicide victimization is grounded in the American context, which raises important generalizability issues given the exceptional level ... More

Computer Simulations: Agent-Focused Environmental Criminology  

Daniel Birks

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
In recent years, the field of social simulation has been dominated by the individual, or agent-based, computational model (ABM). ABMs provide unique means to explore complex social systems ... More

Crime Trends  

Eric Baumer

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses key methodological issues that are germane to understanding some of the parameters for developing a sound knowledge base on temporal crime patterns. It then surveys ... More

Deciding on the “Appropriate” Unit of Analysis: Practical Considerations in Environmental Criminology  

Brian Lawton

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
One of the primary decisions of any research endeavor is to identify where the information necessary for successfully completing the study is going to come from. In traditional ... More

Egohoods: Capturing Change in Spatial Crime Patterns  

John R. Hipp and Christopher J. Bates

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
This chapter focuses on a different conception of ecological space known as egohoods. It motivates the use of egohoods regarding the three features of routine activities theory: suitable ... More

Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration in the United States Crimes By and Against Immigrants  

Jacob Stowell and Stephanie DiPietro

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Despite a substantial increase in scholarly attention to immigration and crime at both individual and aggregate levels, important gaps in knowledge remain. Much work has focused on the ... More

Exploring the methods behind sexual violence estimates: The Composition and Findings from National and International Surveys  

Bonnie S. Fisher and Heidi L. Scherer

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Jul 2017
This essay documents the innovations that have been made to improve measuring the scope and dimensions of sexual violence over the last four decades. How sexual violence has been defined ... More

Four Images of the Delinquency Area  

Marcus Felson

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
This chapter sorts out some of the ideas that are sometimes mixed together under the rubric of “social disorganization.” It argues that (1) social disorganization is really not an ... More

GIS and Spatial Analysis  

Martin Andresen

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
The importance of spatial-temporal dimension(s) within environmental criminology has made the use and applications of geographic information systems (GIS) and spatial analysis rather ... More

Heterogeneity in Delinquency  

Alex R. Piquero and Douglas B. Weiss

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article gives an overview of the heterogeneity observed in delinquency and criminal careers. It begins with a discussion of the classic age–crime relationship, which has formed the ... More

Immigrants and Their Children: Evidence on Generational Differences in Crime  

Luca Berardi and Sandra Bucerius

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
The literature on generational differences in crime and victimization in the United States and Western Europe reveals striking variations in patterns within and across racial and ethnic ... More

Juvenile Delinquents and Juvenile Justice Clientele: Trends and Patterns in Crime and Justice System Response  

Howard N. Snyder

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article presents an empirically based profile of the law violating behavior of youth and the juvenile justice system's response to such behaviors over the last generation. It begins ... More

Latino/Hispanic Immigration and Crime  

Ramiro Martinez and Kimberly Mehlman-Orozco

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Recent population changes, public anxieties, and political concerns about foreign-born newcomers have brought studies of immigration and crime to the forefront of criminological theory, ... More

Once Bitten, Twice Shy: Repeat Victimization and its Prevention  

Louise Grove and Graham Farrell

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article introduces the concept of repeat victimization, which is defined as the repeated criminal victimization of a person, business, place, vehicle, household, etc. Four decades ... More

Racial and Ethnic Patterns in Criminality and Victimization  

Toya Like-Haislip

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Despite the serious policy implications of research on the influence of race and ethnicity on crime, definitions and measurements of these constructs vary across the major sources of crime ... More

The Role of Innovative Data Collection Methods in Advancing Criminological Understanding  

Reka Solymosi and Kate J. Bowers

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Environmental criminology emphasizes the importance of situational factors associated with increased risk in terms of crime opportunities. One branch of research in this field is oriented ... More

Studying Situational Effects of Setting Characteristics: Research Examples from the Study of Peers, Activities, and Neighborhoods  

Frank M. Weerman, Evelien Hoeben, Wim Bernasco, Lieven J. R. Pauwels, and Gerben J.N. Bruinsma

Print publication date:
Sep 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
This chapter addresses methods to study situational influences of setting characteristics on adolescent offending. In particular, it describes data collection methods (space-time budget ... More

Understanding the Distribution of Crime Victimization Using “British Crime Survey” Data: An Exercise in Statistical Reasoning  

Tim Hope

This chapter focuses upon understanding the data-generating process that gives rise to the frequency distribution of crime victimization count data sampled from the British Crime Survey ... More

The Victim-Offender Overlap and Its Implications for Juvenile Justice  

Christopher J. Schreck and Eric A. Stewart

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Victimization and offending are problems linked to youth. This article is about the victim offender overlap, which is a phenomenon where a person's offending activity and victimization ... More

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