You are looking at  1-20 of 62 articles  for:

  • Prisons and Jails x
Clear All

View:

Adult Offender Assessment and Classification in Custodial Settings  

James Bonta Ph.D. and J.S. Wormith Ph.D.

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter describes the developments that have occurred over the past three decades in the area of offender assessment and classification, including discussion of why offender ... More

American Corrections: Reform Without Change  

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It ... More

Brown v. Plata  

Keramet Reiter and Natalie Pifer

Online publication date:
Jun 2015
In 2011 the US Supreme Court declared healthcare in California’s prison system constitutionally inadequate under the Eighth Amendment and upheld an order to reduce the prison population by ... More

The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies  

Christy A. Visher and Jeremy Travis

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reports that rehabilitation for prisoners is still not dead. It reveals that prisoner reentry programs have been implemented nationwide for the past ten years, and that ... More

The Collateral Effects of Imprisonment on Prisoners, Their Families, and Communities  

Alec Ewald and Christopher Uggen

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article studies “invisible punishment” or the “collateral” consequences that follow convictions. It notes that these collateral consequences are sometimes caused by charges or arrests ... More

A Comparison of British and American Policies for Managing Dangerous Prisoners: A Question of Legitimacy  

Roy D. King

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This essay traces the development of policies regarding difficult and dangerous prisoners in Britain and the United States from the 1960s to the present day. In essence policies about ... More

Contemporary Penal Policies  

Hilde Tubex

Online publication date:
Oct 2014
This article provides an overview of the literature leading comparative penological research. Starting from the concept of “punitiveness” as measured in imprisonment rates, it explores and ... More

Detention  

William H. Barton

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The term detention refers to that part of the juvenile justice system that handles youths between the time of their arrest and court hearings. Detention centers are secure facilities ... More

Drugs and Prisons  

Michael Wheatley, John R. Weekes, Andrea E. Moser, and Kathleen Thibault

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2017
This essay explores how illegal drugs are linked to imprisonment, especially in the United States. First, the chapter considers statistics that demonstrate how the high U.S. imprisonment ... More

The Effect of Prisons on Crime  

Sarah Tahamont and Aaron Chalfin

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2016
This chapter presents empirical evidence regarding the (in)effectiveness of prisons for reducing crime. The authors begin with a brief discussion of the mechanisms through which ... More

The Effectiveness of Corrections-Based Work and Academic and Vocational Education Programs  

Doris Layton MacKenzie

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article studies the effectiveness of corrections-based work and academic and vocational education programs for offenders. It summarizes the present education, vocational, and work ... More

The Effects of Administrative Segregation: A Lesson in Knowledge Cumulation  

Paul Gendreau and Ryan M. Labrecque

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This essay considers debate over the extent to which some inmates should be isolated from others within prison, the impact of isolation on psychological well-being during confinement, and ... More

The Effects of Imprisonment  

Cheryl Lero Jonson

Print publication date:
Nov 2012
Online publication date:
Dec 2012
Over the past forty years, the United States has relied on mass incarceration as a means to control crime. This reliance on imprisonment, known as the “penal harm movement,” has advocated ... More

Employment and Vocation Programs in Prison  

Paula Smith, Lindsey M. Mueller, and Ryan M. Labrecque

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Historically, work has played an important role in managing correctional populations and providing a means to reduce prisoner idleness. As correctional ideologies have shifted over time, ... More

Exploring Imprisonment across Cross-National Contexts  

Paul Mazerolle, John Rynne, and Samara McPhedran

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This essay explores cross-national contexts in the use of imprisonment as a penal policy. Incarceration figures from select countries are presented with accompanying discussions of ... More

Female Offenders and Women in Prison  

LaTosha Traylor and Beth Richie

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the steadily increasing number of females being admitted in corrections. It emphasizes the need for gender-based programs inside and outside prisons, and observes ... More

A General Model of Harm in Correctional Settings  

Nancy Wolff

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
The literature on inmate “harm” and inmate victimization within prison settings is reviewed with emphasis on the prevalence, predictors, and consequences associated with inmate misconduct, ... More

Impact of Incarceration on Families and Communities  

Nancy Rodriguez and Jillian J. Turanovic

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This essay describes the implications of confinement for offenders’ families (both children and spouses) and for their communities, including coercive mobility, weakened social controls, ... More

Implementing Prison-based Treatment Programs  

James McGuire

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2017
The “success” of a prison program can be defined, in part, as the ability to effectively reintegrate released offenders back into the community and secure reductions in criminal ... More

The Imprisonment Boom of the Late Twentieth Century: Past, Present, and Future  

Mona Lynch and Anjuli Verma

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
This essay reviews trends since the early 1980s in the number of inmates confined in American prisons as well as possible factors contributing to the massive increase in prison admissions ... More

View: