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American Corrections: Reform Without Change  

Karol Lucken and Thomas G. Blomberg

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the corrections system of America. It traces the history of the corrections system and offers some observations on what led to the massive prison buildup. It ... More

The Characteristics of Prisoners Returning Home and Effective Reentry Programs and Policies  

Christy A. Visher and Jeremy Travis

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reports that rehabilitation for prisoners is still not dead. It reveals that prisoner reentry programs have been implemented nationwide for the past ten years, and that ... More

Disorder and Crime  

Wesley G. Skogan

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article takes a look at the roles disorder plays in relation to crime; one of these is its ability to cause other forms of crime. It lists the various definitions of disorder, and ... More

The Effectiveness of Corrections-Based Work and Academic and Vocational Education Programs  

Doris Layton MacKenzie

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article studies the effectiveness of corrections-based work and academic and vocational education programs for offenders. It summarizes the present education, vocational, and work ... More

Life on the Outside: Transitioning from Prison to the Community  

Thomas P. LeBel and Shadd Maruna

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article focuses on the growing difficult realities of moving from prison to the community. It refers to several narratives of people who have experienced—and struggled—with the ... More

The Present Status and Future Prospects of Parole Boards and Parole Supervision  

Edward E. Rhine

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article outlines the striking changes that have occurred in parole release and supervision over the last two and a half decades. It reveals that most of the prisoners are now released ... More

Probation and Community Penalties  

Stan C. Proband

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Probation remains the most common form of correctional supervision. Well over half of sentenced offenders, over four million at any one time in recent years, are under the control of ... More

Probation and Other Noninstitutional Treatment: The Evidence Is In  

Peter W. Greenwood and Susan Turner

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
A delinquency record is one of the strongest predictors of adult criminality. Preventing delinquency helps stop the onset of adult criminal careers and thus reduces the burden of crime on ... More

Probation, Intermediate Sanctions, and Community-Based Corrections  

Faye S. Taxman

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article serves as a comprehensive review about community-based correctional supervision, which is a subfield of corrections where offenders are supervised and given services outside ... More

Problem-Solving Courts: An International Comparison  

James L. Nolan Jr.

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article assesses the success of “therapeutic jurisprudence,” which is placed in the setting of problem-solving courts. Some examples of these problem-solving courts are domestic ... More

Restorative Justice as Evidence-Based Sentencing  

Lawrence W. Sherman and Heather Strang

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article takes a look at the conclusions from twenty years of restorative justice (RJ) innovations and their status as of 2011. The discussion is primarily concerned with the ... More

Risk Assessment  

Christopher Slobogin

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines risk assessment, which is defined as the identification of “risk” and “protective” factors that make involvement in crimes more or less likely. It lists the available ... More

Sentencing Councils and Commissions: Exploring the Role of Advisory Bodies in the Contemporary Punishment Environment  

Karen Gelb

Although formal sentencing guideline schemes are most developed in the United States, England and Wales, a number of other countries have created sentencing bodies to undertake a variety ... More

The Social Side of Delinquent Behavior  

Mark Warr

This article explores questions regarding the social side of delinquent behavior. It begins with discussing crime as a group behavior, suggesting that, as social beings, humans sometimes ... More

Treatment and Rehabilitation  

Francis T. Cullen and Paula Smith

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article explores the role of rehabilitation as a core purpose of American corrections. Section I argues that rehabilitation has been a fundamental sensibility of the correctional ... More

Understanding the Impact of Drug Treatment in Correctional Settings  

Steven Belenko, Kimberly A. Houser, and Wayne Welsh

Print publication date:
Apr 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article discusses drug treatment in state prisons, focusing on inmates in state correctional facilities. It analyzes drug and alcohol use patterns and drug treatment involvement of ... More

Work and Crime  

Aaron Chalfin and Steven Raphael

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article reviews the connections between work and crime. Section I discusses a simple microeconomic model of criminal participation, which models criminal participation in terms of the ... More

Youth in Prison and Beyond  

Edward P. Mulvey and Carol A. Schubert

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
The juvenile court was established to separate adolescent offenders from the potentially harmful effects of involvement in the adult criminal justice system. Due to glitches in this plan, ... More

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