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Abnormalities of Event-Related Potential Components in Schizophrenia  

Brian F. O'Donnell, Dean F. Salisbury, Margaret A. Niznikiewicz, Colleen A. Brenner, and Jenifer L. Vohs

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Schizophrenia is a disabling psychotic illness that has been associated with alterations in synaptic connectivity and neurotransmission. Since event-related potential (ERP) components are ... More

The acoustic environment  

William J. Davies

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article provides an overview of what shapes the acoustic signals that arrive at the ear. There are three physical processes which are capable of generating audible sound: a vibrating ... More

Acoustic Structure and Musical Function: Musical Notes Informing Auditory Research  

Michael Schutz

Online publication date:
Oct 2018
Music’s continual temporal changes make it a useful stimulus for studying cognitive and neural processes unfolding over time. Although this dynamic nature is widely recognized on a macro ... More

Affective Brain-Computer Interfaces: Neuroscientific Approaches to Affect Detection  

Christian Mühl, Dirk Heylen, and Anton Nijholt

Print publication date:
Jan 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
This chapter is from the forthcoming The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing edited by Rafael Calvo, Sidney K. D'Mello, Jonathan Gratch, and Arvid Kappas. The brain is involved in the ... More

The afferent synapse  

Jonathan Ashmore

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article introduces a number of critical features of the afferent synapse with particular reference to mammalian hearing. The auditory synapse is the first relay point for the input of ... More

Age-Related Decline in Working Memory and Episodic Memory  

Sander Daselaar and Roberto Cabeza

Print publication date:
Dec 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Memory is one of the cognitive functions that deteriorate most with age. The types of memory most affected by aging are working memory, the short-term memory maintenance and simultaneous ... More

Aging changes in the central auditory system  

Robert D. Frisina

Print publication date:
Jan 2010
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article examines age-related changes in the central auditory system from anatomical and neurochemical vantage points, and then the functional consequences of these structural changes ... More

Alexithymia from the Social Neuroscience Perspective  

Sylvie Berthoz, Lydia Pouga, and Michele Wessa

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Alexithymia is a multifaceted personality construct characterized by the impaired ability to reflect on and regulate one’s own emotions. This chapter refers to a wide range of domains of ... More

Alignment in dialogue  

Simon Garrod and Martin J. Pickering

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This article argues that psycholinguists need to think in a different way to understand processing in dialogue. According to this view, interlocutors do not use language to encode and ... More

Alterations of ERP Components in Neurodegenerative Diseases  

Rolf Verleger

Print publication date:
Dec 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews event-related potential (ERP) studies in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. Such studies have been conducted from two different points of view: using ... More

Altruism  

Stephanie D. Preston and Frans B. M. de Waal

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews the ultimate and proximate levels of analysis on altruism in humans, hoping to create an overarching framework that places each within a larger context that can ... More

Analogy and Relational Reasoning  

Keith J. Holyoak

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Analogy is an inductive mechanism based on structured comparisons of mental representations. It is an important special case of role-based relational reasoning, in which inferences are ... More

Animal Metacognition  

J. David Smith, Michael J. Beran, and Justin J. Couchman

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Metacognition refers to the monitoring and control of basic cognitive processes. The presumption is that some minds have a cognitive executive that oversees and regulates thinking and ... More

Anomia and Anomic Aphasia: Implications for Lexical Processing  

Stacy M. Harnish

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Jan 2015
Anomia is a term that describes the inability to retrieve a desired word, and is the most common deficit present across different aphasia syndromes. Anomic aphasia is a specific aphasia ... More

Antisocial Personality Disorders  

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Neuroscience research is beginning to uncover significant neurobiological impairments in antisocial, violent, and aggressive groups. The neurophysiologic basis of antisocial behavior is ... More

Applications of Neuroscience to Mathematics Education  

Bert De Smedt and Roland H. Grabner

Print publication date:
Jul 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2014
In this chapter, we explore three types of applications of neuroscience to mathematics education: neurounderstanding, neuroprediction, and neurointervention. Neurounderstanding refers to ... More

Approaches to Visual Search: Feature Integration Theory and Guided Search  

Jeremy M. Wolfe

Print publication date:
Jan 2014
Online publication date:
Apr 2014
In her original Feature Integration Theory, Anne Treisman proposed that we process a limited set of basic preattentive, visual features in parallel across the visual field. Binding those ... More

Arthropod NavigationAnts, Bees, Crabs, Spiders Finding Their Way  

Ken Cheng

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Arthropods are a much-studied group of animals. They include insects, spiders, and hard-shelled invertebrates such as crabs. This chapter reviews four broad topics on the navigational ... More

Artificial Categories and Prototype Effects in Animals  

Masako Jitsumori

Print publication date:
Mar 2012
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews studies documenting that nonhuman animals, such as pigeons and monkeys, are capable of learning artificial categories created based on assumptions concerning the ... More

The Asperger Syndrome  

Bruno Wicker and Marie Gomot

Print publication date:
Sep 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
This chapter reviews major recent findings in Asperger Syndrome (AS), ranging from behavior to neurobiology, and focusing both on social cognitive and executive processes and their ... More

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