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Abdolkarim Soroush  

Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
Abdolkarim Soroush founded one of the most important intellectual movements in Iran. This article traces the development of his thought through three distinct periods: (1) a critique of ... More

Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī’s (d. 321/933) Theory of ‘States’ (aḥwāl) and its Adaption by Ashʿarite Theologians  

Jan Thiele

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
This chapter discusses the notion of ‘states’ (aḥwāl) in Muʿtazilite and Ashʿarite theology. The concept was borrowed from linguistics by the Muʿtazilite theologian Abū Hāshim al-Jubbāʾī ... More

Aesthetics and the Arts in Relation to Natural Theology  

Frank Burch Brown

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Jun 2013
This chapter examines the significance of aesthetics and the arts to natural theology, first discussing ways that natural theology can circumvent the evident religiosity of certain kinds of art. It ... More

The African American Christian Tradition  

Sylvester Johnson

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
African American liberation theology emerged in the 1960s as a genuinely Christian discourse. Black theology arose in response to divisive questions about the leadership of African ... More

African American History and African American Theology  

Stephen C. Finley

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
The history of African Americans is important in the formation of, but presents a challenge to, black theology. African American history provided a lens through which to view the world and ... More

African American Religious Experience  

M. Shawn Copeland

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
African American religious experience refers to conscious responsiveness to the holy or to divinity or to an existential sense of mystery and ultimacy. It emerges from complex ... More

African American Theology and the American Hemisphere  

Josef Sorett

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
According to James Baldwin, Christianity and colonialism are intertwined in the institutional marginalization of black and brown people worldwide. He also argued that the discourses of ... More

African American Theology and the Global Economy  

Anthony G. Reddie

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
This essay explores the contribution that African American theology, through black theology and womanist theology, has made in challenging the workings and ethics of the global economy, ... More

African American Theology and the Public Imaginary  

Willie Jennings

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
Diaspora refers to the spatial scattering of a people such as Africans, who were formed by fragmentation. Africans and other black peoples were forced to imagine the world through ... More

The African in African American Theology  

Peter J. Paris

Print publication date:
Aug 2014
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
This essay examines the relation between black theology and Africa, beginning with a discussion of the traditional regard that Africans in North America have had for their ancestral ... More

al-Maʾmūn (r. 198/813–218/833) and the Miḥna  

Nimrod Hurvitz

Print publication date:
Mar 2016
Online publication date:
Mar 2014
Modern studies of the miḥna have focused on al-Ma’mun’s claim to spiritual authority. Basing itself on Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s interrogations and al-Ma’mun’s miḥna letters, this study focuses ... More

‘Ali Shari‘Ati  

Shahrough Akhavi

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article analyzes the five main themes emerging from the thought of Iranian political activist and intellectual `Ali Shari`ati (1933–1977). These are (1) history as a dialectical ... More

Analogy and the Fate of Reason  

William Desmond

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
This chapter explores a plurivocity in the meaning(s) of reason and analogy, and suggests a vocation for analogy if it is to redeem its plurivocal promise. Reason is understood differently ... More

Analytic Philosophy  

Charles Pigden

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
Most analytic philosophers are atheists, but is there a deep connection between analytic philosophy and atheism? The paper argues (a) that the founding fathers of analytic philosophy were ... More

Ancient Jewish and Early Christian Millennialism  

James D. Tabor

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article focuses on ancient Jewish and early Christian millennialism, which are found to be intrinsically inconsistent—there are no specific pointers towards marking the end of time; ... More

Ancient Near Eastern Millennialism  

Robert Gnuse

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
Although there existed no real millennial text prior to late Jewish and early Christian texts, there exists an overabundance of resources that heavily draw on millennial texts. This ... More

Anders Nygren's Agape and Eros  

William Werpehowski

Print publication date:
Aug 2007
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article analyzes the character of Christian love in Agape and Eros. It considers some major themes on their own terms and whether those terms can bear the fullness of the Gospel ... More

The Anglican Parish Sermons  

Eamon Duffy

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
Newman is widely recognized as the greatest preacher in nineteenth-century England, and his Parochial and Plain Sermons as one of the ‘Classics of Western Spirituality’. But although ... More

Anglican Theological Receptions  

Geoffrey Rowell

Print publication date:
Oct 2018
Online publication date:
Nov 2018
The Anglican reception of Newman was coloured for at least the fifty years following his death by the sense of loss, even betrayal, consequent upon his move to the Roman Catholic Church ... More

Anglican Wisdom  

Jenny Gaffin

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2016
The chapter focuses on the nature and character of Anglican wisdom, exploring this in the context of church structures, tradition, and truth. Drawing on a variety of different examples and ... More

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