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The Abrahamic Religions as a Modern Concept  

Mark Silk

Print publication date:
Oct 2015
Online publication date:
Nov 2015
The modern concept of the Abrahamic religions has roots in Christian theology, the academic study of the Near East, and the study of Islam. In the nineteenth century, Protestant ... More

African American Religions in the Nineteenth Century  

Emily Suzanne Clark

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
The typical story of African American religions narrates the development and power of the Protestant black church, but shifting the focus to the long nineteenth century can reorient the ... More

African American Religious Identities in the Twentieth Century  

Suzanne Smith

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter analyzes African American religious identity and practice in the twentieth century. Shaped by the Great Migration and the rise of mass culture, modern African American ... More

African and African American Religions in the Early Americas  

Jason Young

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter chronicles the relationship between African religious practices on the continent and African American religion in the plantation Americas in the era of slavery and the ... More

African Initiated Churches as Vehicles of Earth-Care in Africa  

Marthinus L. Daneel

Print publication date:
Nov 2006
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
In the post-chimurenga years of independent Zimbabwe, the African Initiated Churches (AICs) heeded the prophetic call to earth-keeping. They joined forces with practitioners of traditional ... More

African Traditional Religion and Violence  

Nathalie Wlodarczyk

Print publication date:
Jan 2013
Online publication date:
Mar 2013
This chapter analyzes a wide range of African customs and legends. It demonstrates that African traditional religion offers notions of a thriving spirit world which provides “sacred ... More

Agency and Responsibility in a Natural World  

Erik J. Wielenberg

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
This chapter examines the question of whether key features expected from moral conduct, such as freedom, choice, agency, and responsibility, can sufficiently exist within the natural world ... More

The Ak Party in Turkey  

Ibrahim Kalin

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Dec 2013
This article discusses the emergence of Turkey’s Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi; the AK Party) as a center-right political movement with Islamic and national ... More

American Jewish History  

Hasia Diner

Print publication date:
Dec 2004
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
American Jewish history as a field of scholarly inquiry takes as its subject-matter the experience of Jews in the United States and places it within the context of both modern Jewish ... More

American Judaism and Race  

Jodi Eichler-Levine

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
Thinking about American Jews, race, and religion entails confronting the instability of those terms. This chapter examines the history of Jews and race in the United States through three ... More

American Missionaries and Race  

Sarah Ruble

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
When Europeans came to the Americas, they brought with them both Christian missionaries and notions of racial difference. Since that early encounter, the story of American missions has ... More

Anglo-American Secular Government  

John Perry

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
What has been called secular government in the United Kingdom and North America emerged from a series of debates about religious freedom and toleration, which reached their climax in ... More

Arius and Arians  

J. Rebecca Lyman

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
Although the teachings of Arius of Alexandria sparked a series of theological debates and church councils in the fourth century concerning the nature and redemptive activity of God, ... More

Art, Material Culture, and Lived Religion  

David Morgan

Print publication date:
Feb 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
This chapter discusses how the rise of interest in the materiality of religions that has taken place in the last twenty years or so has tended to focus on popular media, everyday life, and ... More

Art, Morality, and Justice  

John W. de Gruchy

Print publication date:
Feb 2014
Online publication date:
Feb 2014
This article examines visual art and its relationship with morality and justice. It first considers justice-related ethical issues raised by the relationship between art and morality, ... More

Asceticism  

Rebecca Krawiec

Print publication date:
Sep 2008
Online publication date:
Sep 2009
This article explores an abstract concept, ‘asceticism’. Two obstacles immediately present themselves to an overview of the role of asceticism in shaping early Christian studies: the lack ... More

Asian American Religions from Chinese Exclusion to 1965  

Anne M. Blankenship

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter charts the religious lives of South and East Asian Americans during the era of Asian exclusion—from the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 to the implementation of the Immigration ... More

Atheism and Societal Health  

Phil Zuckerman

Print publication date:
Nov 2013
Online publication date:
Oct 2013
This article examines the strong correlation that currently exists between high levels of secularity in a given society positive societal well-being. By looking at the most and least ... More

Babi and Baha’i Millennialism  

Peter Smith and William P. Collins

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Jan 2012
This article describes millennialism in Islam, which are exemplified by the Babi and Baha'i movements. It ensued with an Iranian youth, Sayyid Alí-Muḥammad claiming to be the intermediary ... More

Beyond Comparing Secularisms: A Critique of Religio-Secularism  

Yolande Jansen

Print publication date:
Feb 2017
Online publication date:
Jan 2017
“Religio-secularism” denotes the tendency to understand specific cultural and political conflicts in terms an opposition between religion on the one hand and secularism on the other. ... More

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