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Advances in hunter-gatherer research in Mexico: archaeozoological contributions  

Joaquin Arroyo-Cabrales and Eduardo Corona-M.

Print publication date:
Mar 2017
Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Interest in the first hunter-gatherer populations of Mexico has increased in the last fifteen years. Exploration of the Late Pleistocene localities involved in the early peopling of ... More

Agricultural Land Use and Intensification  

Vernon L. Scarborough

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Agricultural intensification is the process whereby land-use activity is heightened through an increase in production on a plot. Production can be stimulated by an increase in the amount ... More

Ancient Stone Sculptures: In Search of the Mexica Past  

Eduardo Matos Moctezuma

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
This chapter discusses the Mexica monumental sculptures uncovered in downtown Mexico City during the late eighteenth century, including the Coatlicue and Tlaltecuhtli sculptures, and the ... More

Archaeology and Indigenous Peoples  

Shoshaunna Parks and Patricia A. McAnany

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article examines the present relationship between indigenous people and archaeology in Mesoamerica, with an emphasis on the Maya region. It provides a brief analysis of the historical ... More

Archaeology in Guatemala: Nationalist, Colonialist, Imperialist  

Oswaldo Chinchilla Mazariegos

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The historiography of archaeology in Guatemala is still in its infancy. Accounts of Maya archaeology are mostly concerned with the development of ideas in North America and Europe, where ... More

The Archaeology of Belize in the Twenty-First Century  

Jaime J. Awe

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Located on the southeastern corner of the Yucatán Peninsula, Belize is the second smallest country in Central America. In spite of its size, however, the country has an incredibly rich and ... More

Archaeology of Gender in Mesoamerican Societies  

Rosemary A. Joyce

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews studies on the archaeology of gender in Mesoamerica. Critical advances in the archaeology of gender in Mesoamerica include explorations of how status and age differences ... More

The Archaeology of the Late Postclassic Maya Highlands  

Greg Borgstede and Eugenia Robinson

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews archaeological evidence of the Late Postclassic period in the Maya highlands. The Maya highlands contain a diverse and complex geography, a diversity that is ... More

Archaeology of the Maya Highlands  

Bárbara Arroyo

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Guatemala highlands is an area of contrasting climate, topography, and agricultural potential. High basins and fertile valleys are situated among a series of mountain ranges from the ... More

Archaeology on Mesoamerica's Southern Frontier  

Geoffrey McCafferty, Fabio Esteban Amador, Silvia Salgado González, and Carrie Dennett

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The southern frontier of Mesoamerica has fluctuated through time but has generally included portions of the Central American countries of El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Tied into ... More

Archaic-Period Foragers and Farmers in Mesoamerica  

Douglas J. Kennett

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article reviews archaeological evidence of the Archaic period (~7000–2000 bc ), which is traditionally viewed as a long transitional interval between a poorly defined the era of ... More

Art in the Aztec Empire  

Emily Umberger

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Archaeological remains testify to the spread of goods and ideas over broad areas of Mesoamerica at different times throughout its prehispanic history. However, most material expansions are ... More

Art of the Classic Period  

Rex Koontz

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
The Mesoamerican Classic period (ca. 250–900 ad ) is characterized by the expansion of urban elite artistic cultures across the region. The basic characteristics of Classic-period elite ... More

As the Whorl Turns: Function and Meaning in Mesoamerican Textile Production  

Geoffrey McCafferty and Sharisse McCafferty

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Woven textiles were highly prized commodities in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, to the extent that they were commonly used as tribute items and even as a standard of value in commercial ... More

Aztec Agricultural Production in a Historical Ecological Perspective  

Emily McClung de Tapia and Diana Martínez Yrizar

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
This chapter provides a brief discussion of the main themes relevant to historical ecology and how it differs from cultural ecology as used in Mesoamerican archaeology. A historical ... More

Aztec Agricultural Strategies: Intensification, Landesque Capital, and the Sociopolitics of Production  

Christopher Morehart

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
The Aztec Empire was built on an agricultural base. However, the relationships between agriculturalists and the state and the characteristics of farming systems were not monolithic. ... More

Aztec Art after the Conquest and in Museums Abroad  

Ray Hernández Durán

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Following the Spanish Conquest, responses to Aztec art were varied. While architecture and many sacred sculptures were demolished and their material remains recycled into new construction, ... More

Aztec Art, Time, and Cosmovisión  

William Barnes

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Aztec religion and the Central Mexican divinatory calendar were intrinsically linked. Focusing on the Aztec conception of art and artists, this chapter presents an overview of how art ... More

Aztec Boundary Interactions  

Michael A. Ohnersorgen and Marcie L. Venter

Print publication date:
Sep 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Interactions at the Aztec imperial edges varied considerably, with some marked by a general congruence of political, economic, and symbolic domains, suggesting that border-like conditions ... More

Aztec Domestic Ritual  

Lisa Overholtzer

Print publication date:
Jan 2017
Online publication date:
Dec 2016
Ethnohistoric evidence emphasizes the role of women in ritualized Aztec household practices and religion that were concerned not only with household maintenance or fertility but also with ... More

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