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Age and Health  

Walter Scheidel

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
Roman Egypt is the only part of the ancient world where documentary evidence for the age composition of the general population has survived. Pertinent information is provided by extant ... More

Ancient Identities  

Gillian Shepherd

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
This chapter illustrates the ways in which three critical social identities—age, gender, and ethnicity—could be depicted through the archaeological mortuary record of ancient Greece and Greek ... More

The Art of the Catacombs  

Fabrizio Bisconti

The art of the catacombs was born in Rome between the second and third centuries and is manifested especially in the pictorial decorations of the cubicula and other hypogeal environments. ... More

Beautiful Things and Bones of Desire  

Liv Nilsson Stutz and Sarah Tarlow

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
The archaeological study of death is a multifaceted field of study. Rapidly developing scientific and technical methods of examining human remains allow modern scholars to examine past lives through ... More

Belief and the Archaeology of Death  

Sarah Tarlow

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
Belief is not the same as religion, although the two words are often used as synonyms. Instead, beliefs may pertain to any aspect of how the world is known and understood and are the frameworks upon ... More

Birth and Childhood  

Sally Crawford

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
This chapter provides a brief overview of the emergence of children and childhood as a subject for archaeological investigation, before outlining archaeological evidence for medieval birth ... More

Burials and Human Remains of the Eastern Mediterranean in Early Christian Context  

Sherry C. Fox and Paraskevi Tritsaroli

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
This chapter examines the contribution of the contextual study of human skeletal remains of Early Christian burials in the eastern Mediterranean. Bioarchaeological studies of sites in ... More

The Catacombs  

Vincenzo Fiocchi Nicolai

Online publication date:
Jan 2019
The Roman catacombs, dated to the early third century, are characterized by regular plans that made the best use of available space. In the late third and fourth centuries, the catacombs ... More

Chambered Tombs and Passage Graves of Western and Northern Europe  

Vicki Cummings, Magdalena S. Midgley†, and Chris Scarre

Print publication date:
Mar 2015
Online publication date:
Jul 2014
This contribution explores variations in the construction, form, use, and re-use of Neolithic chambered tombs in three key areas of northern and western Europe: (1) France and Iberia; (2) ... More

Child Sacrifice in the Ancient Andes: Power and Sociopolitical Dynamics in Antiquity  

Deborah Blom

Print publication date:
May 2018
Online publication date:
Jun 2018
While reports of child sacrifice in the ancient Andes are often sensationalized to captivate popular audiences, the study of the practice provides archaeologists with an important means of ... More

City of the Dead: Tuna el-Gebel  

Katja Lembke

Print publication date:
Jun 2012
Online publication date:
Nov 2012
This article begins with an overview of the history of excavations and exploration at Tuna el-Gebel. It then discusses the site of Tuna el-Gebel; the necropolis of Tuna el-Gebel before ... More

Constructing the Invisible: Light and Darkness in the Topography of Hades  

Athanasia Zografou

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
In ancient Greek thought, Hades constitutes, inter alia, the incarnation of the invisible— an apparent contradiction of efforts to represent the dark kingdom of the lord of dead. After a ... More

Contextualizing Grave Goods  

Fredrik Ekengren

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
The material culture of mortuary practices is one of the central sources at our disposal in the archaeological interpretation of past societies. The purpose of this chapter is thus to present a ... More

Death  

Timothy Taylor

Print publication date:
Oct 2011
Online publication date:
Sep 2012
Death is a broader subject within the archaeology of ritual and religion than recognizable funerary rites. The intersect between death and belief has resulted in many of the most ... More

Death, Emotion, and the Household among the Late Moche  

Erica Hill

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
Archaeologists have generally avoided the issue of emotion in archaeological interpretation, with the result that even death and burial remain emotionless landscapes in the past. In this chapter, I ... More

Diet, Nutrition, and Disease across the Lifespan  

Stanley J. Ulijaszek

Online publication date:
Feb 2018
Diet and nutrition need to be adequate to sustain human growth, sexual maturation, reproduction, and the physical labour needed to obtain food and support the successful maturation of ... More

Ethnicity and Gender in Roman Funerary Commemoration  

Maureen Carroll

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
An investigation of Roman funerary monuments erected to remember the dead gives us profound insight into the ways in which texts and images were employed to convey information on individual lives. ... More

Funerary practices  

Patrice Brun

Online publication date:
Mar 2018
This chapter surveys burial practices across Iron Age Europe, working outwards from the Circum-Alpine zone. During this period, only a fraction of the population was formally buried, in ... More

Insights into Early Mortuary Practices of Homo  

Erella Hovers and Anna Belfer-Cohen

Print publication date:
May 2013
Online publication date:
Aug 2013
Among modern humans, mortuary behaviours conform to established conventions of the particular society enacting them, yet they are present in all societies, thus providing a basis for analogies ... More

Later Medieval Death and Burial  

Christopher Daniell

Print publication date:
Jan 2018
Online publication date:
Feb 2018
This chapter discusses medieval burial ritual, including the act of burial, cemeteries and burial location, and the grave goods of priest, bishops, nobility, and royalty which included a ... More

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